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Miracle QuestionThe miracle question is a trademark technique used in solution-focused therapy, helping the client to conclude what they want from therapy. The miracle question helps clients focus less on the problems and causes and more on the goals and solutions for therapy (Murdock, 2017).
10CASE CONCEPTUALIZATION USING SOLUTION-FOCUSEDThe miracle question to ask Phil includes, "suppose that one night, while you were asleep, there was a miracle that occurred. Jay no longer caused ridicule or hatred in your life, solving the relationship problem between the two of you. How would you know the problem no longer existed? What would be different between you and Jay?" The miracle question helps the client get a sense of what a solution would look like, enabling them to focus on the present, along with small behaviors that signal the problem is resolving. As Phil answers the questions, it's important to remind him to keep them simple. The importance of the simple answers helps Phil understand that although he may feel his problems are complex, the issue can be addressed with minimal solutions (Rita, 1998). Even small and straightforward differences can ultimately lead to more substantial changes in the future. Scaling QuestionsOne way to encourage action and motivate change is through the use of scaling questions (Young, 2017). Scaling questions may also help clients think in terms of smaller but decisive steps towards a solution, along with making the problem more concrete (Murdock, 2017). To usethe scaling question with Phil, the therapist would ask him, "on a scale from 0-10, with ten meaning you can improve your relationship with Jay and one meaning you think the relationship is hopeless, where are you right now?" Once Phil gives a number using the scale, the next question would be to ask, "what are one or two things you can do this week to help bring that number up by two points?" Similar to the other techniques, Phil can see a positive change in small increments giving him hope and motivation to seek a solution towards his interaction with Jay. Spiritual Application
11CASE CONCEPTUALIZATION USING SOLUTION-FOCUSEDPhil has not attended church for many years. His religious upbringing is rooted in Catholicism. Phil cannot escape his lack of acceptance by others and the understanding of his fullacceptance in Christ. Before therapy begins, Phil's therapist needs to have a thorough understanding of Phil's worldview to establish a basis for solution-focused conceptualization andintervention (Guterman & Leite, 2006). Using a solution-focused approach through a Christian worldview, the therapist will guide Phil’s understanding of the concepts of truth, and his identity in Christ to understand the nature of the relationship (Van Dyke, Jones, & Butman, 2011).