Eastern Cushites. Southern Cushites • They arrived in Kenya earlier than the eastern Cushites. • They migrated into Kenya from the Ethiopian highlands and settled in Kenya and northern Tanzania. • The Dahallo or Sanye of lower Tana are the only southern Cushites in Kenya. • In Tanzania they include the Boni, Iraqi and Burungi Eastern Cushites. • They originated from the area north of Kenya, either Somalia or Ethiopia. • They include; Borana, Somali, Oromo, Gabra, Rendile and Burji. Reasons for the migration of Cushites into Kenya 1. Escaping from clan/ family feuds/conflicts. 2. Population pressure in the area of origin. 3. Being pastoralists they migrated in search of better grazing lands. 4. Fleeing outbreak of diseases affecting both people and animals. 5. Escaping famine and drought. 6. Fled constant attacks from their neighbours such as Somali and Oromo. 7. Migrated to satisfy their spirit of adventure. Results of the migration and settlement of Cushites into Kenya. i. During their migrations conflicts occurred among different groups resulting in the death of many people in the process like Somali and Oromo were in frequent war. ii. There was displacement of other communities in Kenya, for instance the Oromo displaced the Mijikenda in the course of their migration iii. Some communities interacted and even formed alliances e.g. the Rendille and Samburu formed an alliance against Turkana. iv. Migration led to an increase in population in the region. v. The Cushites introduced some cultural practises in Kenya such as the age set organization and the taboo against eating fish among some Bantus. vi. Led to intermarriages between them and other groups e.g. the Pokomo with the Borana. vii. The Cushites intensified trading activities in Kenya by the 19 th century they were trading with the Samburu and the Maasai viii. Their migration led to redistribution of population in Kenya, for example the Mijikenda were scattered by the Oromo and had to change the course of their migration. 2 . Bantus 26
• The term Bantu refers to a group of people who speak related languages. • They are the largest group in Africa and occupy about 2/3 of Africa south of the Sahara. • Historians agree that the original homeland of the Bantu was somewhere between eastern Nigeria and Cameroon generally referred to as the Congo basin. • Many oral traditions refer to this place as ‘Misri’ • From here they moved southwards towards the present day Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) then eastwards to eastern Africa. • The Bantu entered Kenya into two distinct groups. a) Western Bantu. b) Eastern Bantu. Western Bantu They are referred to as the western Bantu because they settled in western Kenya from AD 1000 to the middle of the 15 th century They include; Abakuria, Abagusii, Abaluhya and the Abasuba.
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- Fall '16
- Farah Nabilla
- The Bible