o Second restriction was that one may use no more than the amount of force

O second restriction was that one may use no more

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o Second restriction was that one may use no more than the amount of force necessary to achieve victory Once you’ve won, you cannot put to death the losing sides soldiers Special Means: Nuclear Warfare Due to the two restrictions of war, people have begun to support nuclear pacifism (opposition to the use of nuclear weapons in war) Specifically regarding the second restriction, they might oppose the use of unconventional weapons (i.e. poison gas) Nucle ar weapons are indiscriminate (1 bomb can’t be confined to only combatants) therefore are we justified in using or even threatening to use such weapons? (Obviously not, in accordance to the second restriction) There’s a difference between threatening to use and using o What do we do if an aggressor threatens us with such use? o If an enemy does do this, it’s to late nothing can be done about it o ONLY alternative is to induce the enemy into not doing it by either appealing to reason or threaten retaliation o These options give us the paradox of deterrence the enemy must believe we really will do what we threaten to do to be credible o If we really believe nuclear warfare is immoral when the time comes how do we achieve creditability? Either abandon deterrence when it comes to large nuclear weapons or we form clear intention actually to retaliate if the time comes Five Possible Policy Options On The Size Of Nuclear Weapons 1. Superiority: More than enemy has 2. Equality: About the same 3. Inferiority: Less than enemy has; but not much less (one recommended by Narveson) 4. Minimum Deterrence: Dzjust enoughdz making it unwise for enemy to attack 5. Unilateral nuclear disbarment: None (retain conventional weapons) Inferiority has promise If I say I have less than you (and leak information to confirm this), you will look like the warmonger On the other hand, you won’t loose much from deterrence because the enemy will think twice o In order to get on the good side of public opinion he will scale down, in which case we would to hopefully deescalating to 0 on both sides Once you get into destruction brackets of this nature because of nuclear, war is seen as irrational by sane people The policy of controlled inferiority is a device that will induce sanity It will cause people to retreat from both nuclear and conventional war Special Means 2: Chemical And Biological Warfare Seen as unethical and unwarranted Have properties that make them unsuitable for warfare find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com
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  • Fall '16
  • Craig Beam
  • Laws of war, jus ad bellum

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