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Other incentives including subsidized dedicated

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-Other incentives, including: Subsidized dedicated infrastructure. Subsidized services, including assistance in identifying sources of finance,implementing and managing projects, carrying out pre-investment studies,information on markets, availability of raw materials and supply ofinfrastructure, advice on production processes and marketing techniques,assistance with training and retraining, technical facilities for developingknow-how or improving quality control. Preferential government contracts. Closing the market to further entry or the granting of monopoly rights. Protection from import competition. 20
Special treatment with respect to foreign exchange, including specialexchange rates, special foreign debt- to-equity conversion rates, eliminationof exchange risks on foreign loans, concessions of foreign exchange creditsfor export earnings, and special concessions on the repatriation of earningsand capital..2.Research Methodology.2.1.Choice of descriptive indicatorsAs far as the scope of this study is concerned, the measures that are taken intoconsidered in this research are listed in two (02) main groups: Regulatory measuresand incentive measures. Each type of measures is also classified into sub-types asfollows.-Regulatory measures: Admission and Establishment Regulatory Measures;Ownership and Control Regulatory Measures; Operations Regulatory Measures.Admission and Establishment Regulatory Measures: They are rules andregimes that require initial responsibility and some first duties from foreigninvestors and foreign projects when they start to bring their capital forimplementing their projects or opening their companies in host countries.These measures pose the restriction or requirement on number of foreigncompanies, sectors, industries, screening, authorization, legal form, formsof entry, zones, regions, deposit, security, norms, customs, admission feeand admission tax… One major factor that investors consider most from thebeginning period is the minimum amount of capital that they have toprepare in order to get the permission for conducting new projects. This isalso the measures chosen in this thesis for comparison and contrast(Development 1996).Ownership and Control Regulatory Measures: Investors, after finishing thefundamental steps for the existence of their projects or entrepreneurs, thenext steps are involved in equity distribution, right division and controldecentralization. The host countries sometimes enact policies narrowingforeign ownership, use of foreign loans, type of shares or bonds hold byforeigners, share transfer right for foreigners, priority right for foreigners,foreign shareholders rights, nationality of directors, number of expatriates21
in top managerial positions, foreign-controlled monopolies, land orimmovable property ownership and transfers for foreigners, industrial orintellectual property ownership for foreigners. On top of them, equity andland are the two keys pointing that influence the decision of foreign

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Term
Fall
Professor
him smith
Tags
High Tech

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