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5. Electrolyte affect (can be associated with dehydration)a. Increased K+- Wide QRSb. Decreased K+ -Flat Tc. Increased C2+- short QTd. Decreased C2+ -long QT6. Atherosclerosis– (P. 607) a form of arteriosclerosis (abnormal thickening and hardening ofof the vessel walls) which is caused by soft deposits of intra-arterial fat andfibrin that harden over time. 7. Aneurysms– (P.604) abnormal localized dilation of a blood vessel 8. Primary (essential) Hypertension– (P. 600) genetic predisposition including:i. family historyii. advanced ageiii. gender (men younger than 55 yrs and women older than 74iv. African American/black racev. high dietary sodium intakevi. diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity, and heavy alcohol consumption vii. low dietary potassium calcium, and magnesium.35