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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline

Polygamy is usually only used by men who are wealthy

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Polygamy is usually only used by men who are wealthy enough to support more than one wife. Historically, this type of marriage occurred in Native American cultures before the introduction of European values. One specialized version of polygamy is levirate, in which a man marries the widow of his dead brother. The marriage of one woman to more than one man at a time is called polyandry. Polyandry is practiced in very few societies. According to McLennan, in early times men held women in common ownership like other goods, but as a scarce commodity and women were thus provided with several husbands. During marriage, at least one member of the newly married pair will be separated from his or her more important kin of the family of orientation (i.e., the family with whom one is raised). If this move necessitates that the person live with affinal kin (relatives through marriage), the new residence may place him or her at least temporarily at an emotional disadvantage. Family of orientation - the family one is raised by Family of procreation - the family that is formed when one marries and has children. The nuclear, or conjugal , family is the basic unit of family organization in virtually every society. It is generally defined as a married couple and their children (including adopted and fostered children, as well as the couple's natural children). The two main types of families are nuclear and extended. Nuclear is a married couple and their children; an extended
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family would include grandparents and other generations living in the same house. Nuclear families are common in the United States, while in some societies (i.e. in Asia), extended families are more common. Incest is sexual relations between persons who, because of the nature of their kin relationships, are prohibited by law or custom from intermarrying. Because, cross-culturally, incest is more an emotional than a legal issue, the term taboo is generally preferred over prohibition. The incest taboo is acknowledged in anthropology as universal, although it is imposed differently in different societies and knowledge of its breach provokes widely different reactions from society to society. Exogamy i s the rule or custom which requires people to marry outside a particular group or locality. Exogamy is also called outbreeding and is the opposite of inbreeding. Almost all cultures strongly discourage inbreeding because reproducing with individuals who are closely related increases the chances that the resulting offspring will suffer from genetic defects. A rule which dictates that marriage must be to a person within one’s own group is called endogamy . An endogamous group could involve members of a specific religion, caste, nationality, class, etc. Divorce is the act by which a valid marriage is dissolved, usually freeing the parties to remarry. In regions in which ancient religious authority still predominates, it may be difficult and rare, especially when, as among Roman Catholics and Hindus, the religious tradition views marriage as indissoluble. Custom, however, may make divorce a simple matter in some societies. Among some Pueblo Indian tribes a woman
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Polygamy is usually only used by men who are wealthy enough...

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