a) More efficient administrations began to provide health care and education to the colonized peoples. b) Indigenous people were frequently promoted to officer rank in colonial armies. c) Europeans directly incorporated missionaries into colonial administration. d) Europeans focused on attempting to bring the benefits of superior civilization to Africa.
In what way was American imperialism in the 1890s different from earlier forms of U.S. expansionism? a) It sought to incorporate new territories into the national political body. b) It took control of new territories without seeking to incorporate them or their people into the national political body. c) It was undertaken in order to encourage American settlement in the newly conquered territories. d) It proposed that the United States had a mission to spread its culture beyond its current boundaries.
Which of the following best describes the beliefs of a social Darwinist in the late nineteenth century? a) Modern culture was created by white Europeans and Americans, who were more fully evolved than the darker peoples of the world. b) The American Declaration of Independence demonstrated that all men possess the unalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. c) The French Revolution proved that all people deserve to be members of a sovereign, culturally homogeneous nation. d) All of humanity was created by God, in God’s image, and all people are therefore equal.
How did late-nineteenth-century Japanese capitalism differ from late-nineteenth-century American capitalism? a) It excluded women from all financial affairs. b) It relied on personal relationships instead of impersonal investment. c) It focused on exporting rice to other Asian countries. d) It was less dependent on imported raw materials for success.
In what way was Russia’s expansion in Asia different from American expansion in North America? a) Russia wished to exploit rich mineral resources instead of opening up land for farming. b) Russia stressed the cultural differences between itself and the peoples it conquered. c) The monetary cost of expansion for Russia and its people was far greater. d) Russia tolerated and taxed native populations instead of displacing or slaughtering them.
In the late nineteenth century, which of the following was an important initiative of the Chinese Self-Strengthening movement? • Territorial expansion in the southeast • The development of coal mines and shipyards • The development of an expansive railway system • Aligning Chinese culture with Western culture
Which of the following was the ultimate result of China’s unwillingness to change its political and economic systems? a) Vulnerability to external aggression and internal instability b) Growing isolation from the world economy c) Intensification of its cultural traditions d) Ongoing conflict between China and Korea
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