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4. Confirmatory evidence from the Legazpi expedition.1. The Evidence of Albo's Log-BookFrancisco Albo joined the Magellan expedition as a pilot ("contra• maestre") in Magellan'sflagship "Trinidad". He was one of the eighteen survivors who returned with SebastianElcano on the "Victoria" after having circumnavigated the world.Albo began keeping hisown diary - merely only a log-book - on the voyage out, while they were sailing southwardin the Atlantic along the coast of South America, off Brazil. His account of their entry intoPhilippine waters (or, as it was then called, the archipelago of San Lazaro) ... may bereduced to the following points:1. On the 16th of March (1521) as they sailed in a westerly coursefrom the Ladrones, they saw land towards the northwest; but owing to many shallow placesthey did not approach it. They found later that its name was Yunagan.2. They went instead that same day southwards to another small island named Suluan,and there they anchored.There they saw some canoes but these fled at the Spaniards'sapproach. This island was at 9 and two-thirds degrees North latitude.3. Departing from those two islands, they sailed westward to an uninhabited island of"Gada" where they took in a supply of wood and water.The sea around that island was freefrom shallows. (Albo does not give the latitude of this island, but from Pigafetta's testimony,this seems to be the "Acquada" or Homonhon, at 10 degrees North latitude.)4. From that island they sailed westwards towards a large island named Seilani whichwas inhabited and was known to have gold.(Seilani - or, as Pigafetta calls it, "Ceylon" - was the island of Leyte. See below, onPigafetta'smap.)5. Sailing southwards along the coast of that large island of Seilani,they turned southwest to a small island called "Mazava".That island is also at a latitude of 9and two-thirds degrees North.
6.The people of that island of Mazava were very good. There theSpaniards planted a cross upon a mountain-top, and from there they were shown three islandsto the west and southwest, where they were told there was much gold. "They showed us howthe gold was gathered, which came in small pieces like peas and lentils."7. From Mazava they sailed northwards again towards Seilani. They followed the coastof Seilani in a northwesterly direction, ascending up to 10 degrees of latitude where theysaw three small islands.8. From there they sailed westwards some ten leagues, and there they saw three islets,where they dropped anchor for the night. In the morning they sailed southwest some 12leagues,down to a latitude of 10 and one-third degree. There they entered a channelbetween two islands,one of which was called "Matan" and the other "Subu ".9. They sailed down that channel and then turned westward andanchored at the town (la villa) of Subu where they stayed many days and obtainedprovisions and entered into a peace-pact with the local king.