that was used was red dye 40 which was not carcinogenic at all to test animals But still, parents worried, and as a result, it was decided to remove it. -in their contract the Rolling Stones only needed brown M&Ms in their dressing room -Aerosmith only needed the green ones (aphrodisiac) -this was to ensure that the promoters read the full contract -M&Ms used for statistics in schools because of the different colours Cherry Blossom -some sugar but no chocolate butter -made from vegetable fat, palm oil etc -known as invertase. -cherry is packed into sugar and in presence of enzyme invertase, sugar gets converted into invert sugar (more soluble than sugar), which is a mixture of glucose and fructose, together with the sugar, a small amount of water is also packed there -the cherry melts out, you get a gooey substance Godiva -bought by Campbell's Soup -used to be a Belgian company -Porcelana & Ocumare come from Venezuela- most expensive chocolate in the world, wrapped in gold Chocolate is claimed as a health food - compared to gin, more health benefit with chocolate - Myths: chocolate might be associated with dermatological problems - Can lead to heartburn: eating chocolate relaxes valve and makes it
possible for the acidic content of the stomach to come up in the esophagus (GERD, gastro esophageal reflux disorder) - rich in sugar, perfect food from bacteria (S mutans) converts sugar into lactic acid and plaque lactic acid, attacks the enamel of our teeth - chocolates contain some antibacterial agent that fight off the S. mutans - Anecdotal evidence that people get migraines after eating chocolate - Suppresses coughs because it's high in sugar and tends to smoothen the throat, lessens the irritation of it - contains a chemical theobromine, an antitussive (suppresses cough signal) reason why chocolate can be poisonous to small animals - small dogs or cats don't have the ability of metabolizing theobromine leads to a buildup of this particular chemical that can be deadly - Can prevent heart disease fat that is present in chocolate (the more bitter the chocolate the more fat), stearic acid, neutral in terms of increasing blood cholesterol level. - good cholesterol, HDL cholesterol. - bad cholesterol, LDL cholesterol. - Ugly cholesterol, oxidized LDL cholesterol - rich in antioxidants like the flavanols, flavanols prevent the oxidation of LDL cholesterol into oxidized LDL cholesterol (component of plaque) - antioxidants present of benefit, the darker the chocolate, the better it is, different levels of antioxidant activity for dark chocolate, milk chocolate, compare to red wine. - Chocolate better source of antioxidants than red wine - increases the levels of nitric oxide, NO lowers BP - Mars has developed CocoaVia high in flavanols in the antioxidants, people didn’t like it and it was expensive - Chocolate with added calcium French have low incidence of heart disease - associated with consumption of wine -french drink a lot of coffee which has best source of antioxidants Brain Benefits & Chocolate - When older people eat chocolate, improves cognitive properties -
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