It leads to dehydration and weight loss Starvation is a form of this disorder 7

It leads to dehydration and weight loss starvation is

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- It leads to dehydration and weight loss. - Starvation is a form of this disorder. 7. Amino acids relationship in metabolism: a. Sickle cell - Is a group of disorders that affects hemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body.
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- People with this disorder have atypical hemoglobin molecules called hemoglobin S, which can distort red blood cells into sickle, or crescent, shape. b. Phenylketonuria (PKU) - It is an inherited disorder that increases that levels of substance called phenylalanine in the blood.
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1. What is Lipids (fat)? Lipids - Are compounds that are insoluble in water but are soluble in organic solvents such a s ether and chloroform. - Lipids that are important to our discussion include fats and oil (triglycerides or triacylglycerols), fatty acids, phospholipids, and cholesterol. Fats - Are esters of glycerol and three fatty acids. - They are important in the diet as energy sources and as sources of essential fatty acids and fat soluble vitamins, which tend to associate with fats. - They also contribute satiety, flavor, and palatability to the diet. 2. Function of Lipids Lipids can serve a diverse range of functions within a cell, including: Storage of energy for long-term use (e.g. triglycerides) Hormonal roles (e.g. steroids such as estrogen and testosterone) Insulin both thermal (triglycerides) and electrical (sphingolipids) Protection of internal organs (e.g. triglycerides and waxes) Structural components of cells (e.g. phospholipids and cholesterol) 3. What are essential fatty acids and non-essential fatty acids? Essential Fatty Acids Unsaturated fatty acids that are essential to human health, but cannot be manufactured in the body. Cannot be synthesizes by the body. Two types are linoleic acid and a-linoleic acid. Linoleic acid, Linolenic acid, and arachidonic acid. Non-essential Fatty Acids Various amino acids that are required for normal health and growth, that can be synthesized within the body or derived in the body from essential amino acids Can be synthesized by the body
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Include arachidic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid. Etc. Caproic acid, Lauric acid, Myristic acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid, Arachidic Acid, Linoceric Acid. 4. Differentiate the following: a) Saturated fat from unsaturated fats (give example) Saturated Fat - Meats, Butter, and dairy products - Solid at room temperature - Increase levels of “bad” cholesterol (low -density lipoprotein) - Low-density lipoprotein clogs arteries. Unsaturated fat - Vegetable oils - Liquid at room temperature - Increase levels of “good” cholesterol (high -density lipoprotein) - High- density lipoprotein, or HDL, “grabs” LDL where LDL is broken down and eventually removed from the body. b) Monounsaturated from polyunsaturated (give examples) Monounsaturated Fats - It is a fat or fatty acid having only one double bod in their molecular structure. - Have a higher melting point than polyunsaturated fatty acids; they are liquids at room temperature and semisolids or solids when refrigerated.
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