Functionality individuals through interaction with

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Macroeconomics for Today
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Chapter 19 / Exercise 11
Macroeconomics for Today
Tucker
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Functionality -Individuals through interaction with each other, each person performs a task -Interpersonal: each person has the same goal, relations or communication b/w people -Societal: relating to society or social relations Main Features -Society as an integrated whole -Systematic: done or acting according to a fixed plan or system -Individuals are indispensable (necessary) -Temporary imbalances: every society has a problem and functionalists say that there is nothing wrong with that. problems are always temporary, sometimes healthy and good for society -Dysfunctional elements leading to social integration and equilibrium: Criminals are functional because they provide jobs (ex. cops) -Social change is evolutionary: you cant stop the change and it always continues -Social integration through legitimization of social, economic, and political structure: you have to create rules and regulations so the system works normal, social stratification is good Pioneers -August Comte (1798-1857): -He believed society has life
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Macroeconomics for Today
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Chapter 19 / Exercise 11
Macroeconomics for Today
Tucker
Expert Verified
17:46 -United Kingdom used to be the richest country -Organic whole -Individuals are functional -Equilibrium -Herbert Spencer (1820-1903): -Very controversial-- influenced by social darwinism -Darwin was a biologist=living organisms survive according to survival of the fittest -According to Spencer, individuals around the globe who are dedicated and best fitted are the ones who survive because they are hard working, talented, and smart -Growth and development: things keep on growing and positive changes take place over time. “If you want to create an ideal perfect and functional society then get rid of all the dysfunctional people, including Jews” and every society around the globe participated in this (ex. prison of correction) -Increase in size leading to increase in complexity and differentiation: when society is small in size, it is relatively more simple. Overtime things change from small to large, simple to complex, from very little to very big and from agriculture to industry -Differentiation in structure leading to differentiation in function: Long time ago when families lived in rural areas and lived on farms everyone was functional and working together..over time every thing changed (values, structure, religion, etc). a large number of americans moved to urban areas. -When structure changes, everything changes. -Durkheim (1858-1917): -Social organism -Inter-relationship of parts and the whole -Talcott Parson (1902-1979): -Adaption: every society must create a system that should fit into their environments -Goal Attainment: you should set goals, which will create a society that is competing to work hard--makes the society a living society -Integration: -Latency: You should always maintain and preserve your cultures, values and traditions in the name of `latency-- not always true.
17:46 -Difficult to accept change ISS 215: Social Differentiation Notes-- Pt. 2 Outline - Social Differentiation: -Biologically Differences: (men and women, blacks and whites, older and younger). sometimes people use biological differences to make something seem “inferior” (ex. women

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