Inducive methods and ensure that it understands what

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inducive methods, and ensure that it understands what sit means and that it has learned to enjoy training, then we may constructively use compulsion to hasten the dog‘s sit or to teach it to sit even in distracting circumstances. Thus, the proper role of inducive training is to teach the dog skills, while the proper role of compulsive training is to enforce the performance of these skills (if necessary). In addition, another very important role for inducive techniques is during the early stages of handling any dog, even a well-trained dog. The optimal way for a handler to build rapport and a good working relationship with a new dog is to perform inducive training exercises with the animal (e.g. food-rewarded sits), even if the dog already knows these exercises, and avoid the use of physical compulsion. 2.7. Application of inducive training. In inducive training, the handler employs gentle means to lead a dog to perform some target behavior, and then he/she reinforces this behavior. In the event that the dog does not execute the desired behavior, or executes it incorrectly, then the handler will omit reinforcement (negative punishment/omission, see 2.4.6.2). In the classical example, the handler teaches a dog to sit by drawing the dog‘s attention to a piece of food in his/her hand. Once the dog places its muzzle in contact with the handler‘s fist in the attempt to take the food, the handler then slowly raises his/her hand and moves it slightly backwards towards the dog‘s tail, simultaneously giving the command ― Sit !‖ In following the movement with its head, the dog is very likely to sit. The handler then opens his/her hand to feed the dog and administers praise. If the dog fails to sit, the handler withholds reinforcement and praise (omission) and continues attempting to ― finesse the sit. In such a stress-free setting, a dog can learn very rapidly to sit on command. In addition, it also learns to enjoy work, and it develops affection and trust for its handler. There are similar methods for teaching almost all of the exercises of obedience.
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