What is freuds psychological explanation of theism

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What is Freud’s psychological explanation of theism? With so much of nature out of our control, beyond our understanding, and threatening our survival, it isn’t surprising that human beings should invent myths that provide a different and more appealing picture of our place in the cosmos Conclusion: Believing in God persists in human history because of the psychological benefits it provides to believers. What is the new prudential argument? If you believe in God, you will lead a happy and productive life If you don’t believe in God, you will fall into depression and despair Therefore, the way to maximize expected utility is for you to be a theist Conclusion: Stronger because does not assume God’s nature. What is pragmatism? Pragmatism is a general philosophical position that has implications about this question Pragmatists say we should believe propositions that are useful to us Attend to evidence Clifford advances a consequentialist argument that suggests the action in question is wrong because it has bad consequences (believing a proposition without evidence) Conclusion: Pragmatist says we should believe what is useful to believe. Pages 136 – 145: Pascal – Belief in God---What do you have to Lose? William James – The Will to Believe (pragmatism) Every dilemma based on a complete logical disjunction, with no possibility of choosing, is an option of this forced kind Our passional nature not only lawfully may, but must, decide an option between propositions, whenever it is a genuine option that cannot by its nature be decided on intellectual grounds The freedom to believe can only cover living options which the intellect of the individual cannot by itself resolve, and living options never seem absurdities to him who has them to consider Pages 84 – 92:
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What is the Ontological Argument? An a posteriori truth is one that requires experience to be known or justified For a proposition to be a priori, it isn’t essential that the concepts contained in the proposition be innate To say that a proposition is a priori true means that IF you understand the concepts involved, then reason will suffice for you to decide that the proposition is true The Ontological Argument is an a priori argument and aims to establish the truth of theism without reliance on any a posteriori premise Conclusion: If there is a mistake in the Ontological Argument for the existence of God, it isn’t to be found in the fact that the argument maintains that some existence claims are a priori true. What is Anselm’s argument? (1) God is by definition the greatest being possible. (2) A being who fails to exist in the actual world (while existing in other possible worlds) is less perfect than a being who exists in all possible worlds. Hence, God exists, necessarily. Premise (1) is saying God’s being is the best of all beings, not perfect For something to be possible, it isn’t enough that you can conceive of its happening or that you can’t see any reason why it couldn’t happen According to Anselm’s second premise, a necessary being is more perfect than a contingent one Conclusion: The Ontological Argument looks like it is deductively valid. What is Gaunilo’s criticism?
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What is Freuds psychological explanation of theism With so...

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