A decrease making the members pay attention to their

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a. decrease; making the members pay attention to their personal standards b. increase; providing a sense of an audience c. decrease; making members feel watched d. increase; posing a challenge to self-esteem ANS: A DIF: Difficult OBJ: 11.3b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 64. When we conform, or go along with what the group does, because we want to be liked, this is often due to __________ influence. a. informational b. normative c. groupthink d. deindividuation ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 65. In Milgram’s shock experiments, the maximum level of shock was administered by about __________ of the participants. a. 65 percent
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b. 50 percent c. 25 percent d. 10 percent ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 66. Stanley Milgram’s shock experiment illustrates the phenomenon of a. conformity. b. compliance. c. obedience. d. resistance. ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 67. When Milgram modified his shock experiment so that the teacher could see the learner, the level of obedience a. increased greatly. b. increased slightly. c. decreased. d. remained unchanged. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 68. When Milgram modified his shock experiment so that the experimenter gave the teacher orders over the telephone, the level of obedience a. decreased. b. increased slightly. c. dramatically increased. d. remained unchanged. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 69. Which of the following is the main conclusion from Milgram’s shock experiments? a. Ordinary people will do terrible things if ordered by an authority. b. Ordinary people are naturally violent and easily provoked. c. Ordinary people will follow immoral orders, but only in hypothetical situations. d. Ordinary people will follow immoral orders, but only in stressful situations. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 70. When people are more likely to agree with a small request after refusing a large request, it is an example of the __________ strategy. a. door-in-the-face b. foot-in-the-door c. lowballing d. risky-shift ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Remembering
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NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 71. When everyone in her class said that they liked to dance, Jill reported liking to dance too, even though she dislikes dancing. The way that Jill changed her attitude about dancing so that her opinions matched those of her classmates is an example of a. conformity. b. compliance. c. obedience. d. stereotyping. ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 72. As you walk into class, you notice that everyone is sitting on the floor. You sit on the floor, too. In this situation, the fact that you change your behavior to match the people around you is an example of a. compliance.
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