School of Distance EducationPerspective on LiteraturePage 19
How and why did the mistress punish Vanka?
How was Vanka treated by the other apprentices?5.Give an account of Vanka’s life before he was sent to Moscow.
6.How did Vanka describe Moscow?
II. Answer the following questions in a paragraph of about 100 words.
7.According to Vanka’s memory, what kind of a person is Konstantin Makarich? Isthe impression the reader gets of him the same as Vanka’s memory?
Vanka’s memory remembers his grandfather as his guardian angel after the death of hisparents. He has fond memories of his ‘grandad’. Konstantin Makarich is a nightwatchman on the estate of some rich gentry. He is a small man of about sixty five,remarkably lively and agile with a smiling face and eyes always tired from drinking.During the day he either slept or sat joking with the kitchen maids and walked around theestate at night. Vanka has pleasant memories of going to cut the Christmas tree with hisgrandfather for the gentry every year.Although Vanka has fond memories of his grandfather, the picture portrayed by hismemory is not altogether favourable for a guardian. Konstantin Makarich is a confirmedbachelor whose main interest sems to be in snuff boxes, drinking and generally foolingaround with the maids of the house. He does not come out as a nurturing protectiveguardian.8.Comment on the ending of the storyVanka.As is typical of Chekhov’s stories, Vanka ends with as little explosion as possible. Thereader does not even realize the coming of the climax, if at all there is one. The story endswith Vanka posting his letter to “Grandfather in the village” and on second thought “ToKonstantin Makarich” and then going to sleep dreaming of his ‘grandad’ and the villageand hoping that his grandfather will come and get him out of Moscow soon. The tragicelements in the story come to their peak with the reader’s realization that grandfatherwould never get the letter and Vanka’s fate would most probably continue as it is. Thus,true to Chekhov-narration, the ending brings the most emotion in the reader with the least