Includes many behaviours eg Theft sabotage Physical abuse workplace violence

Includes many behaviours eg theft sabotage physical

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Includes many behaviours, e.g.:Theft, sabotagePhysical abuse (workplace violence); bullying (e.g., verbal abuse), sexual harassmentIncivility (disrespectful or rude behavior)Absenteeism, lateness, production deviance (e.g., withholding effort or doing tasks incorrectly)Cyber loafing (using the internet for non-job related reasons)
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Individual BehaviourJoining and staying (versus turnover)Turnover (i.e., employees leaving the organization) removes valuable knowledge, skills, and relationships with coworkers and external stakeholders from the organizationTends to have a negative effect on the organization
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Individual BehaviourAbsenteeismNot always avoidable. However, motivation to attend is lowered by stressful work conditions (e.g., workplace bullying, difficult customers, boring work)Employees’ personal values and personality also predict absenteeismOrganizations and groups within organizations (e.g., departments, teams) also have absence normsthat predict individuals’ absenteeismPresenteeismAttending work even though capacity to work has been diminished by illness, fatigue, personal problems, etc.Associated with lowered productivity Predicted by organizational factors (e.g., job security) and personality
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How about the left side of the MARS model?
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Let’s talk about personality!1.PersonalityWhat is personality and why does it matter to OB? 2.Major OB debate – different approachesDispositional, situational, and interactionist3.Five-Factor (“Big Five”) ModelWhat is the Five-Factor Modelof personality?4.Jungian Personality TheoryMeasured with the Myers-Brigg Type Indicator
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PersonalityThe relatively enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions, and behaviours that characterize a personoInfluences the way an individual interacts with his or her environment and how he or she feels, thinks, and behaves
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Personality traits – patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behaviours 1. Bashful15. Harsh29. Sloppy2. Bold16. Imaginative30. Sympathetic3. Careless17. Inefficient31. Systematic4. Cold18. Intellectual32. Talkative5. Complex19. Jealous33. Temperamental6. Cooperative20. Kind34. Touchy7. Creative21. Moody35. Uncreative8. Deep22. Organized36. Unenvious9. Disorganized23. Philosophical 37. Unintellectual10. Efficient24. Practical38. Unsympathetic11. Energetic25. Quiet39. Warm12. Envious26. Relaxed40. Withdrawn13. Extraverted27. Rude14. Fretful28. Shy
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Where does personality come from? “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and yes, even beggar man and thief regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities…” (p. 104)John B. Watson (1924-1930)
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Nature or NurtureHow does personality develop?Can personality change? Is personality genetically determined, or is it formed by experience? Nature vs.
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