Harlans qualifications were not attacked instead

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have an impact on further school segregation cases, and there would be many. Harlan‘s qualifications were not attacked. Instead, Senators who fought his nomination were actually fighting against the Court. A New York Times article stated that ―All of the Senators who voted against confirmation came from states where opposition to integrated schools is strong.‖ Of the justices sampled, Harlan‘s confirmation hearings may have been the most difficult. Another New York Times article, covering the hearings, noted that ―The Senate Judiciary Committee hearing […] reached the height of nonsense on Friday and dangerous nonsense at that. Harlan‘s nomination was nothing more than a forum for Southern Senators to express their animosity towards the Court‘s decision. Summary A sample of 50 justices, from the population of 110 justices, was examined to determine if the public was less familiar with nominees nominated after 1930 than nominees nominated prior to 1930. Primarily using contemporaneous newspapers, supplemented by short biographical sketches of each sampled justice, the results largely supported this widely held assumption. Using this method, 96.7% of sampled justices nominated before 1930 were well known, whereas 85.0% of sampled justices nominated after 1930 were unknown. 39 In May of 1954, the Supreme Court issued an opinion in the consolidated case of Brown v. Board of Education , which essentially ruled that separate but equal was inherently unequal, specifically relating to public schools. The Court issued the opinion in two parts, the second of which was issued in June of 1955, after Harlan had taken his seat. The second opinion, known as Brown II said that schools must i ntegrate with ―all deliberative speed.‖
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70 ~ Chapter 5 Conclusion ~ This study evaluated newspaper reports published during various Supreme Court confirmations. Although several precautions were taken to ensure objective, valid, and reliable results, some limitations prevent accepting the results without some question. The America’s Historical Newspapers database, which was one of two sources used to find newspaper articles, primarily covers northeastern states. Although some results came from newspapers from southern states, western states were entirely left out. This presented a problem in the case of Stephen Field from California, as no newspaper articles were found about him. Additionally, only one newspaper source provided most of the found articles. Because of this, results may not reflect public knowledge of the nominee, but, instead, reflect the reporting biases of the New York Times . Despite this, though, the Times is a nationally read, widely-recognized newspaper, which reflects and shapes the opinion of many Americans. While the sample only encompassed less than half of the entire Supreme Court membership, precautions were taken when establishing the sample to ensure that the sample represented the population as much as possible.
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