d) Briefly explain how the studies reviewed in the ROL are sum- marized. The results of different studies reviewed within the article are briefly summarized with no specific strength or weaknesses noted, nor critically appraised. The author did not indicated if the studies cited were quantitative or not. There was no particular method of organization. The studies reviewed did support the effects of play therapy on children. No conflicting evidence was provided. The author did provide rationale for the study secondary to the lack of research, and noted this limitation. Question #4: Study Framework. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 8 & 18) a) How do the authors describe the study’s framework? Is it implicit or explicit? The author does not formally acknowledged or describe the framework, indicating it is implied. The positive relationship of play therapy on children’s mental and emotional health was indicated and provided the framework for further study. b) List the important concepts found in the framework. 1. Play therapy helps develop the social, emotional and behavioral skills of pre-school children 2. Play therapy helps lower fear and anxiety levels 3. Play therapy helps communication and coping skills, and promotes self-esteem 4. Health specialists can make significant contributions to child development through play therapy c) Does the framework present the relationships among the concepts? (yes / no) If yes, give one example of a relationship between two concepts. If there a map or model provided in the article, give the page number. The framework does present relationships among the concepts. Play therapy can reduce fear and anxiety levels is, which also leads to improved coping skills. The author offered no map or model in the article.
Question #5. Research objectives, questions, or hypotheses. (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 6 & 18) a) Does this article have objectives, questions, or hypotheses? Be specific and say which one of these three it has. The article has objectives only. No questions were posed or hypotheses noted. b) List the article’s objectives, questions or hypotheses. Be specific and say which one of these three it has. Quote this directly from the article and cite it appropriately. The author’s states, “we aim to determine the effects of play therapy on the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of pre-school children through the nursing process” (Sezici, Ocakci, &dioglu, 2016, p. 162). Question #6. Variables (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 6 & 18) a) List the major study variables. 1. Number of game activities per week. 2. AA subscale scores 3. SC subscale scores 4. AW subscale scores b) Based on the variables identified in 6a, determine which are independent, dependent, or research variables, as applicable.
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher, Play Therapy