this would upset the demographics in L C could no longer claim majority

This would upset the demographics in l c could no

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this would upset the demographics in L + C could no longer claim majority immediate trigger of war was attack by Phalange on bus killing Palestinians too easy to say that the war was just sectarian too easy to say that the war was just economic too easy to say that the war was just geopolitical there was a lot of all of the above C pol parties who wanted to maintain the privileges they had (status quo) against M pol parties who aspired to break this C hegemony in economic terms external factors -- not just Palestinians, entire region fighting war inside L SA sided with the Islamic part of the cw but not with the Muslim radicals SA views the P as radical -- threaten L state + SA does not want regional war Jordan also did not want to see radicalism in L -- P went to L after kicked out of J Syria -- cw threatens S internally, domestically (same sect prob) but mostly S is looking w/ an eye towards I; C right-wing factions might establish treaty w/ I -- justify I wanting to be a Jewish state Israel -- interests in L bc there are P there; P in L were building a state w/in a state w/ institutions and commerce, markets and finances, etc. these P were carrying the fight against I over the WB of J Israel was aspirant to regional hegemony and Syria was the challenger to this aspiration took place during the Cold War -- proxy battle betw Israel (US proxy) + Syria (R proxy) I + S both also had their own proxies w/in L all of this was complicated by shifting alliances Joumlat? leader of PSP Druze party -- wanted to do away w/ sectarianism in L natural allies were P (socialist, progressive allies) Feb/March 1976 -- Muslims in L army break away from the army alliance formed betw L national movement and P this tilted the balance of power in favor of the left to disadvant of right (Maronites) w/ this tilting Assad feared -- P/leftist victory in L, would put betw P in L and radicals in Iraq, to him the P cause was much bigger than Arafat -- needed Syria (bedrock of Arab nationalism) to be the operation room Assad always wanted the P to be an appendage in fight against Israel feared a Maronite defeat -- potential of Mar secession + alignment w/ Isr Ktaib (Phalange), Tiger militia? + the Guardians of the Cedars -- alliance requests help from Assad + he obliges bc of his own interests Kissinger convinces Israel that a S intervention in L against P is a good thing for I Red Line Agreement -- S would not move its forces south past a certain point would not be active in L air space would not introduce surface-to-air missiles Massacres
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Tel Zaatar massacre -- 3,000 P killed by C in an environment now dominated by S power Amal (Shia) allied to the Syrian Social Nationalist (secular) + ???? (Christian) Sept. 1976 -- emergency Arab League meeting to settle the issue of L S get brownie points from SA who proposes to form an Arab deterrence force S is the largest provider of troops to this Arab deterrent force as a result there is relatively stability in L till mid 1978 in 1977 Joumlat was assinated -- thought to be done by S intel forces C begin to wink at the I and the I wink back -- Assad knows
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