September 3, 1783 Treaty was signed A negotiated peace ● Group of Prominent Americans to discuss terms with British were John adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin ● Proclamation line of 1763 which was a vast region long inhabited by Indians and often referred to as trans Appalachia. ● Native American were given no role in negotiations and by far biggest loser in the final treaty Republican ideology ● In Greece, athenians practiced direct democracy ● Direct democracy meant that the men voted on all major decisions affecting them ● US was a representative democracy in which property holding white men governed themselves through the concept of republicanism whereby they elected representatives or legislators to make decision on their behalf ● Representative had advantages over monarchies which was greater transparency ● Revolutionary leaders believed that they must protect the rights of individuals and states from being violated by the national government State governments ● State governments with elected governors and senates instead of royally appointed
governors and councils. ● Most limited the powers of governors and strengthened the power of legislatures The articles of confederation ● Once colonies declared independence in 1776, patriots needed to form a national government as well. ● Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union ratified in March 1781 they legalized the way things had been operating since independence had been declared. ● In Confederation government, Congress was given full power over foreign affairs and disputes between states. But had no national courts and no power to enforce its resolutions and ordinances ● Confederation Congress had less power because it could not regulate interstate and foreign commerce. But it was the most practical Expansion of political participation ● Property qualifications for voting were lowered after 1776 as a result of Revolutionary fervor. The social Revolution ● Many hoped that the revolution would remove, not reinforce the elites traditional political and social advantages. The exodus of loyalists ● Loyalist were hurt the most by the brutal civil war embedded within the Revolutionary war ● Suffered greatly for their loyalty to king george III and their refusal to pledge allegiance to new United states ● General Guy Carleton, commander of British forces in North America organized mass evacuation ● He intentionally violated the provisions of Treaty of Paris by refusing to return slaves to their owners ● Largest number of loyalist exiles landed in Canada, where royal officials wanted them to displace the earlier French presence ● Departure of so many loyalist was one of the most important social consequences of the revolution Freedom of religion ● Before the Revolution, Americans tolerated religious dissent, after the revolution, americans insisted on on complete freedom of religion as embodied in the principles of separation of church and state ●
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- Spring '13