10 understand the central dogma of molecular biology

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class—by which these different ways of regulation are achieved. 10. Understand the Central Dogma of molecular biology 11. Describe the general functions of nucleic acids 12. Define a gene as specified in class 13. Be comfortable with the terminology of transcription a. For example, coding, non-coding, directionality of synthesis, transcript, template, etc 14. Diagram and describe the process of transcription across the various stages a. Know the major players/locations at each step (initiation, elongation, termination)
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15. Understand the various processes, and purposes for each, involved in RNA processing in as much detail discussed in class 16. Know the function of the three main types of RNA involved in translation 17. Define and describe the genetic code 18. Be able to take a DNA sequence and make a protein (similar to group quiz #1) 19. Describe the structure of tRNA and its relevance to tRNA charging a. Draw and distinguish the location of relevant points (such as the acceptor stem) 20. Diagram and describe the process of translation a. Know the major players at each point (initiation, elongation, termination) 21. Diagram and describe the process of DNA replication a. Know the major players/locations 22. Understand the three main repair mechanisms of cellular mutation, and—in as much detail discussed in class—describe their chronology, processes, and key enzymes in the steps.
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