Your answer will provide insight into the story

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Your answer will provide insight into the story itself. Great quote: “It’s never just rain” (75). It’s never JUST snow, JUST thunder, JUST heat, JUST a tornado. Weather is always a signalKeys to weather deciphering in literature: atmosphere and moodRainfunctionality1. plot device- traps characters together or forces them apart2. atmosphere- mysterious, murky, isolating3. equalizer- falls on the just and unjust4. cleansing5. transforming6. restorative7. fertilityRain symbolism1. agent of new life and restoration2. source of illness and death (think pneumonia)3. replenishment4. rain connects directly to SpringSpring symbolism1. season of renewalPomerantz 7
2. season of hope 3. season of new awakening(s)Rainbow symbolism1. divine promise2. peace between heaven and earth3. stasis between God, humanity and natureFog symbolism1. confusion2. ethical, mental, physical hurdle to claritySymbolism of snow1. clean2. stark3. severe4. warm (insulation)... paradox5. inhospitable6. inviting7. playful 8. suffocating9. filthy10. unifierWhenever you read, analyze the weather- how does it impact the story and what does it lend that couldn’t be otherwise deciphered?Works: “The Three Strangers”, Song of Solomon, A Farewell to Arms, “The Dead”, The Waste Land, From Ritual to Romance, Party GoingInterludeNo one really knows what an author was thinking as he/she wrote his/her pieceModernism: the era around WWI and WWII in the 20th centuryNarrative method- tells the story from a personal p.o.v. (not necessarily first person)Mythic method- uses established mythology as an outline for storiesUse a practical approach to writing: focus on what the author does and what we can discover in the work rather than trying to figure out what the author was actually thinkingGood writing takes a long time and a writer doesn’t necessarily know when he/she is pulling from his/her knowledge base of established worksPomerantz 8
Works: “Ulysses, Order, and Myth”, Ulysses, Absalom, AbsalomChapter 11: ViolenceViolence is a personal, intimate actFunctions of violence1. symbolic2. thematic3. biblical4. Shakespearean 5. Romantic6. allegorical7. transcendentSymbolism of violence1. Violence is always metaphorical2. Violence may signal that death lurks in every day tasks3. Violence illustrates the hostile relationship we have with the universe4. We ultimately face our mortality aloneTypes of violence1. specific injury that authors cause characters to do to themselves or one another2. narrative violence (i.e. authorial violence) causes general harm to charactersGenerally, authorial violence is the death and/or general suffering that authors inject into their work in order to advance the plot or develop a theme. The characters do nothing to cause/spur the violenceWhy do authors kill characters?

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