Nurs 6521 Week 10 Solved Quiz.docx

Response feedback the hemodynamic changes during

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Response Feedback : The hemodynamic changes during pregnancy, such as increased blood volume and heart rate, increase the distribution of drugs. GFR and tidal volume both typically increase during pregnancy, resulting in increased excretion rates and increased absorption of inhaled drugs, respectively. Drug metabolism is not affected by pregnancy. Question 6 1 out of 1 points A nurse is assigned to a patient who is at 32 weeks' gestation and is receiving terbutaline (Brethine) IV for 24 hours to control preterm labor. Which of the following nursing actions will the nurse take to decrease the risk of hypotension and promote circulation to the fetus? Response Feedback : In a patient receiving terbutaline, the nurse should closely monitor the patient's pulse rate and blood pressure. In addition, to increase placental perfusion, the nurse should have the patient lie on her left side during the infusion. This will help minimize the risk for hypotension and promote circulation to the fetus. Palpitations are a common adverse effect of the drug and should be reported but are unrelated to hypotension and fetal circulation. The nurse should advise the patient to limit her fluid intake during the infusion because of possible fluid overload. However, this, too, is unrelated to hypotension and fetal circulation. Question 7 1 out of 1 points A female patient is taking oral cyclophosphamide therapy for breast cancer. Because of possible adverse effects of the drug, the nurse will instruct the patient to do which of the following? Response Feedback An adverse effect of this drug is the incidence of hemorrhagic
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: cystitis. The nurse should encourage the patient to drink at least 2 liters of fluid a day and, in high-dose therapy, administer the uroprotectant agent mesna. Therapy should include prehydrating the patient orally and intravenously with at least 2 liters of normal saline solution. Potassium and magnesium additives may be indicated. The nurse will monitor urine output vigilantly to ensure an output of at least half of the intake. Taking the medication at bedtime and increasing protein in her diet are not associated with limiting the possible adverse effects of the drug. Question 8 1 out of 1 points A nurse is caring for a 46-year-old female patient who is taking paclitaxel for ovarian cancer. Two or three days after the infusion of the drug, the nurse must closely monitor for which of the following? Response Feedback: Neurotoxicity is a major problem associated with paclitaxel therapy, and close monitoring is needed. Neurotoxicity generally begins 2 to 3 days after the infusion. Cardiotoxicity is observed in less than 1% of patients. The drug is not known to cause constipation or asthma. Question 9 1 out of 1 points A nurse is providing patient education to a 50-year-old woman who is taking methotrexate (MTX) for breast cancer. The nurse will instruct the patient to avoid which of the following drugs?
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