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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation a small number of societies

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Your Answer: Explanation A small number of societies depend principally on domesticated herds of animals for their livelihood. Typically pastoralists subsist by taking protein from live animals in the form of milk and trading animal products with other groups for agricultural products and other necessities. Pastoralists may trade meat, hides, wool, dairy products, etc. Question 7 of 24 Formal economics is the economics of Western culture, markets, and scarcity hypothesis/law of supply and demand. Your Answer: Explanation It is characterized by maximization of personal gain, supply-demand relationships, "rational" decision- making, and individual self interest. Question 8 of 24 Substantive economics is the economics of most anthropologists. It refers to interaction of humans to environment and methods of want satisfaction. Your Answer: Explanation This is a more holistic approach and easier to apply to nonwestern groups. Question 9 of 24 According to formalism , economy can be analyzed independent of other social structures and institutions. Your Answer: Explanation It is the approach of the economic man who economizes on resources and maximizes return; emphasis on individual actors exercising choice. Question 10 of 24 Substantivism is the school of thought that maintains that economy is embedded within other social institutions and cannot be studied separately from social structures, like kinship, politics and religion. Your Answer: Explanation This is more historical and institution-minded; and a denial that industrial capitalist theory is applicable to others; it maintains also that formalist approaches are only applicable to modern capitalist society.
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Question 11 of 24 Foragers have only a loose sense of land ownership because band membership is fluid. Whereas, industrial societies have a strong sense of ownership of land. Your Answer: Explanation In a foraging society, food producers are tied to land or herds by descent from a lineage founder who owns rights. Question 12 of 24 In Africa, communal ownership is at the heart of the traditional or customary tenure systems that still dominate land use in rural areas. Your Answer: Explanation In these customary systems of ownership, some use rights, such as the use of arable or residential lands, may be held by individuals and passed on within a family, while access rights to pastures, forests, mountain areas, waterways, and sacred areas may be shared. Question 13 of 24 The classic feudal system was that some lord, king, prince, etc, owned the land. He (and it was usually a he) would allocate much of that land to individuals (nobles) in exchange for their loyalty and some sort of payment such as military service. Your Answer: Explanation That noble might have sub nobles, with the people actually working the land in some extreme cases being serfs--slaves who literally were part of the property of the noble.
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