91 White House Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy How Chinas Economic

91 white house office of trade and manufacturing

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91 White House Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy. How China’s Economic Aggression Threatens the Technologies and Intellectual Property of the United States and the World. June 2018. (accessed April 13, 2019). 92 US DOJ. Attorney General Jeff Session’s China Initiative Fact Sheet. November 1, 2018. (accessed April 13, 2019). 93 Pierce Atwood LLP. DOJ Focus on China: “Is This a Weaponizing of the FCPA?” – Kathleen Hamann Quoted in Global Investigations Review. December 27, 2018. - %E2%80%9C-weaponizing-fcpa%E2%80%9D-%E2%80%93-kathleen-hamann-quoted-global-investigations- review (accessed April 13, 2019). 94 Wilson, Natasha N. "Pushing the Limits of Jurisdiction Over Foreign Actors Under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act." Washington University Law Review 91, no. 4 (2014): 1063-1087.
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The main aim of the FCPA has been to improve foreign relations with countries. The accompanying report with the original House Bill provided enough examples showing the bribes that were given by the US companies to help threaten significant diplomatic relationships 95 . It is one example of showing how corporate bribes can become a significant problem for the foreign policy of the government. It was mentioned in the House bill as well. It stated that the identification of improper payments makes it embarrassing for the US government to face friendly governments. Furthermore, it also raises suspicions as shown by the foreign opponents that the American corporate giants have corrupting influence over the political process of the country. It has been discussed in the legislative debates as well. For instance, Senator Church argued at one time that the US corporations should not be allowed to weaken the friendly government 96 . He was the principal proponent of the FPCA. Robert Ingersoll, the Deputy Secretary of the Department of Defense, also agreed on this and showed that damages had been identified against the foreign relations of the United States because of the allegations against foreign officials. This international corruption has allowed US corporations to interfere in international diplomatic relations as well. During the late 1990s, after a long period of inactivity, the FCPA enforcement started to ramp up, the idea of protection of foreign relations by FCPA was largely shadowed by the idea of using it for the protection of the US companies. The amendments made in 1998 to the Act were largely focused on the economic harms of corruption, and the reports showed that the FCPA aims to promote stronger, reliable, and transparent foreign relations that consequently helps in the development of reliable and attractive investment climates 97 .
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