See the theravada to be too focused on the personal

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Nirvana. See the Theravada to be too focused on the personal quest. Introduces new texts that they claim are records of the Buddha’s secret teachings. Vajrayana — A form of Mahayana that is combined with Indian values/Hinduism. Esoteric practices. Augustine’s Confessions (Books 1-3) - One of the most important figures in the history of Christianity. Augustine takes a new stance on some key theological issues. - First autobiography in human history: tells his life in a spiritual way, gradual conversion to Christianity. - Augustine lived in the declining years of the Roman Empire (354 BC - 430 BC). Roman Empire fell at 476 BC. His writings preserved the theological legacy and shaped the theological work that flowered in the Middle Ages. Very important figure. - Synthesis of Classical Greek and Roman learning with Christianity. Trained as a lawyer. Will see reflections of the education he was given. Tends to be thankful for the intellectual gifts he received from his education but he was also dissatisfied with the education he received. - He did not love Greek literature (preferred Latin), believed he was trained to manipulate people with words because it is how to have worldly success. Looks back at his ambition to be a great speaker or lawyer, but takes a very critical eye looking back at that because he didn’t think that it was about cultivating wisdom but rather aimed toward becoming eloquent, etc. He finds this very hollow and dissatisfactory. Did not help him discover deeper truths, etc. - Conception of God (all powerful, all knowing, all good) is heavily shaped by Augustine. Theological reflection on scripture that Augustine put together. Goes beyond what we might find in the Bible. See omni-predicate conception of God throughout this text but it is really a novel idea. - View of human nature including sin and grace. Developed by Augustine. Refers to it at a number of points. Evidence is grounded in his own experience of what human beings are like. Goes through his own history of sin: sins he committed when he was longer. Example: When he was 16 he went out
with his friends to steal pears. Originally created good by God and in the image of God but go through a fall of sin from grace. Tend to naturally be selfish and tend to seek our good in the wrong places, produces unhappiness in the world around us. Who we naturally are (selfish, prideful, etc.) is not what God desires us to be. God wants us to reject sin, accept his o ff er of salvation. Humans are a mixture of good and evil. Not desired by God but something that God redeems us from. God wants us to confess and reject sin, etc. We have to repent and accept God’s grace. Have to give up the idea that you are in charge of your own life. Cutting yourself o ff from God. - Our true source and destiny. Fundamental fact about our existence is that we are creatures made out of God and love. God wants a loving relationship with us but we tend to resist this. God loves us and desires us. It is our own sinfulness and resistance that prevents us from being in a relationship with God. Cannot have an ordered life without a proper relationship with God. Tries to chronicle this

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