Answer: True Page: 364 LO: 9 19. Mexico has become one of the top countries where U.S. couples go in order to hire a surrogate mother. Answer: False Page: 364 LO: 9 Rejoinder: India has become a dominant country for surrogate mothers. 20. One of the major concerns of commercial surrogacy is the possible exploitation of the surrogate. Answer: True Page: 364 LO: 9 21. The total cost of a surrogate mother in the U.S. can be around $10,000. Answer: False Page: 364 LO: 9 Rejoinder: The actual cost be as much as $50,000 22. The increase in births among unmarried teenagers may have negative long-term consequences for mothers and their children, who have severely limited educational and employment opportunities and a high likelihood of living in poverty. Answer: True Page: 366 LO: 9 23. About 75 percent of all white children and 86 percent of all Native American children will spend part of their childhood living in a household headed by a single mother who is divorced, separated, never married, or widowed. Answer: False Page: 367 LO: 9 Rejoinder: The correct percentage and race/ethnic groups are: about 42 percent of all white children and 86 percent of all African American children will spend part of their childhood living in a household headed by a single mother who is divorced, separated, never married, or widowed. 24. Some never-married people remain single by choice. Reasons include opportunities for a career, the availability of sexual partners without marriage, the belief that the single lifestyle is full of excitement, and the desire for self-sufficiency and freedom to change and experiment. Answer: True Page: 369 LO: 9 25. Foster care refers to institutional settings or residences where adults other than a child’s own parents or biological relatives serve as caregivers. About 60 percent of children in foster care are children of color, with about 42 percent of them being African American. Answer: True Page: 371 LO: 14 402
Chapter 1 SHORT RESPONSE SECTION 1. Define the social institution of the family. Answer: For many years, the standard sociological definition of family has been a group of people who are related to one another by bonds of blood, marriage, or adoption and who live together, form an economic unit, and bear and raise children. Today’s families include many types of living arrangements and relationships, including single-parent households, unmarried couples, lesbian and gay couples, and multiple generations (such as grandparent, parent, and child) living in the same household. To accurately reflect these changes in family life, some sociologists believe that we need a more encompassing definition of what constitutes a family. Accordingly, we will define families as relationships, in which people live together with commitment, form an economic unit and care for any young, and consider their identity to be significantly attached to the group. Sexual expression and parent-child relationships are a part of most, but not all, family relationships.
- Spring '14
- Sociology, Lo, Herbert Spencer