a.The attack on Moncada was a continuation of Cuban radical nationalism as and the sacrifices of José Martí. Paralleling the struggle of the men before him, Castro’s rebels were named ‘Generation of the Centenary’1and Castro became the ‘apostle of liberty’b.“How could anyone call legitimate a regime of blood, oppression and ignominy?”24.The Granma expedition and the use of guerrilla warfare – for which Batista’s government was unprepared; the contributions of leaders such as Ernesto “Che” Guevara, Camilo Cienfuegos, Raul Castro. a.The revolution left an everlasting effect on the Cuban people. Castro’s oratory attempted to inspire confidence, to stir hearts and to instigate action. b."Seventeen months were to pass from the time Castro left Havana until his disastrous and fateful return to Cuba," says New York Times journalist Herbert L. Matthews in his book Revolution in Cuba. c.It was a frustrating, harassed, penurious time: The two great problems were to train his expeditionary force and raise the money for arms and a boat on which to get to Cuba. These had to be done in the face of constant interference by the Mexican police, treachery among the Cubans, and spying by Batista agents. c.i.At one time Castro and twenty-two of his comrades spent three weeks in a Mexico City jail for illegally possessing armsd.Shortly after arriving in Mexico, the Castros were introduced to a young Argentine physician named Ernesto Guevara. "I had been linked to him from the outset by the conviction that it would be worth dying on a foreign beach for such a pure ideal." Guevara joined the expedition as the revolutionary army's official doctor.1 Jules Dubois, Fidel Castro: Rebel—Liberator or Dictator? (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1959), 50. 2 Leo Huberman. Cuba: Anatomy of a Revolution, (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1960), 39.
e.The landing of the Granma, in December 1956, was planned to re-enact the route that José Martí had followed to begin Cuba's War of Independence in 1895.f.Of the 82 who made the trip from Mexico, only 12 made it to the Sierra Maestrag."We will win this war," said Castro, "we're just beginning to fight!"h.Castro lit the cigar of a young rebel with his own: displayed closeness and trust i.This ongoing perseverance along with the time spent in Sierra Maestra allowed Castro to gain utmost support of the people 5.Sierra Maestraa.Series of small skirmishes against Batista’s loyal b.Movement promised peasants to a fairer distribution of the land: Agrarian Reformc.
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- Winter '09
- Fidel Castro, Cuban Revolution, Batista, a.ii. Batista