The question of whether the decrease in plant fecundity caused by the spraying

The question of whether the decrease in plant

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The question of whether the decrease in plant fecundity caused by the spraying of pesticides actually causes a decline in the overall population of flowering plant species still remains unanswered. Plant species dependent solely on seeds for survival or dispersal are obviously more vulnerable to any decrease in plant fecundity that occurs, whatever its cause. If, on the other hand, vegetative growth and dispersal (by means of shoots or runners) are available as alternative reproductive strategies for a species, then decreases in plant fecundity may be of little consequence. The fecundity effects described here are likely to have the most profound impact on plant species with all four of the following characteristics: a short life span, a narrow geographic range, an incapacity for vegetative propagation, and a dependence on a small number of insect-pollinator species. Perhaps we should give special attention to the conservation of such plant species since they lack key factors in their defenses against the environmental disruption caused by pesticide use. 1. Which of the following best summarizes the main point of the passage? (A) Species interdependence is a point of weakness for some plants, but is generally beneficial to insects involved in pollination. (B) Efforts to control the spruce budworm have had deleterious effects on the red-osier dogwood. (C) The used of pesticides may be endangering certain plant species dependent on insects for pollination. (D) The spraying of pesticides can reduce the fecundity of a plant species, but probably does not affect its overall population stability. (E) Plant species lacking key factors in their defenses against human environmental disruption will probably become extinct. 2. According to the author, a flowering plant species whose fecundity has declined due to pesticide spraying may not experience an overall population decline if the plant species can do which of the following? (A) Reproduce itself by means of shoots and runners. (B) Survive to the end of the growing season. (C) Survive in harsh climates. (D) Respond to the fecundity decline by producing more flowers. (E) Attract large insects as pollinators. 3. The passage suggests that the lack of an observed decline in the fecundity of the creeping dogwood strengthens the researchers conclusions regarding pesticide use because the (A) creeping dogwood is a species that does not resemble other forest plants (B) creeping dogwood is a species pollinated by a broader range of insect species than are most dogwood species (C) creeping dogwood grows primarily in regions that were not sprayed with pesticide, and so served as a control for the experiment (D) creeping dogwood is similar to the red-osier dogwood, but its insect pollinators are known to be insensitive to the pesticide used in the study (E) geographical range of the creeping dogwood is similar to that of the red-osier dogwood, but the latter species relies less on seeds for reproduction 4. The passage suggests that which of the following is true of
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