Started in tunisia and overthrew authoritarian leader

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Started in Tunisia and overthrew authoritarian leader and then moved to Egypt and then to Yemen Movement against Authoritarianism Revolution for Democracy Then movement came to Syria, Government clamped down US stood in favor of Arab Rebels to overthrow Hasan Brought in Al-Queda and ISIS as a by-product Erdogan sided with US and rebels Rebels crossing border of Turkey into Syria Knew ISIS and Al-Queda forces into Syria through Turkish border Erdogan/US sided with Rebels against o Challenge: The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) How much territory ISIS has lost since January 2015 o Challenge: Relations with the United States Close alignment. NATO member since 1952. Cold War ally, Iraq War 1 until 2003 Iraq War II AKP Party elected in 2002 to Parliament 363 seats /550 seats Erdogan part of AKP Erdogan gave Parliament a vote for Iraq War II, Parliament said no Overthrowing Iraq’s Saddam Hussein strengthens the Kurds in Iraq Gassed Turks in Iraq In 2011 Arab uprisings, Turkey sided with the US against Assad. Why? Expected to be siding with Assad, would want to keep Kurd situation under control. Sided with opposition Erdogan believed that he was strong and would give him stature in middle East for ‘bringing democracy’, wanted to side with winners Russia and Iran (S’hite) are main supporters of Assad Turkey (Sunhi) Change in US policy priorities: from overthrowing Syria’s Assad to defeating ISIS US supports Kurd’s forces fighting ISIS: YPG, YPJ Turkey: YPG pose an existential threat to national security Some in Turkey blame the US for the 2016 Gulenist coup January 2018, the Turkish military launched Operation Olive Branch in Afrin (controlled by Syrian Kurds) Kurdish-led Syrian Democractic Forces (SDF) switched and joined Assad to expel Turkish forces
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Erdogan promised to press further EAST toward the Kurdish-controlled and US – patrolled city of Manbij. Potential US-Turkey military clash? 4/11/18
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  • Spring '07
  • Wahlrab

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