children become very concerned about their peer group standing Rejection can

Children become very concerned about their peer group

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children become very concerned about their peer-group standing Rejection can cause range of developmental outcomes such as dropping out and problem behaviors o Sociometric status A measurement that reflects the degree to which children are liked or disliked by their peers as a group Measured by nominations by peers Teacher/peer/self-ratings, class observation Unidimensional measures social acceptance only Two dimensional measures distinguish highly liked and unpopular Classifications, how measured Popular: lots of positive votes o Highest levels of sociability and academic functioning o Tend to be skilled at initiating interactions with peers and at maintaining positive relationships with others Rejected: lots of negative votes o More aggressive and withdrawn o aggressive-rejected: hostile attribution bias Predicts rejection when they are young Sociometric and observation: rejection related to aggression, disruptiveness, hyperactivity, social intrusiveness, bossiness Impossible to know for certain whether aggression causes peer rejection or results from it Aggressive children sometimes develop a network of aggressive friends and are accepted in their peer group o withdrawn rejected: predicts rejection when they get older socially withdrawn, wary, timid, and socially anxious frequently victimized by peers and many feel isolated and lonely Active isolates are most likely to be rejected by their peers, not just socially withdrawn Withdrawn children who display immature, unregulated, or angry, defiant behavior such as bullying, boasting, and meanness neglected: few positive or negative votes o could be withdrawn from peers but relatively socially competent o tend to be less sociable and less disruptive than average children o perceive that they receive less support from peers yet not particularly anxious about social interactions o simply not noticed controversial: combinations of many positive and many negative votes o Combo of popular and rejected o More aggressive than average, greater sociability, better academic functioning o Very socially active and tend to be group leaders o Viewed by peers as arrogant and snobbish Average: average number of positive and negative ratings Stability of sociometric status o Peer acceptance affects later adjustment o Rejected children show a variety of longer term negative effects
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o Over relatively short periods such as weeks or a few months, children who are popular or rejected tend to remain so, whereas children who are neglected or controversial are likely to acquire a different status o Over longer periods, children’s sociometric status is more likely to change o Over time, sociometric stability for rejected children is generally higher than for popular, neglected, or controversial children and may increase with the age of the child Developmental trends in predictors of children’s status o Same characteristics for popular and rejected cross-culturally o
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  • Fall '19
  • Peer group

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