C) American adults are more likely to attribute behaviour to personal factors, while Indian adults are more likely to consider dispositional factors. D) Indian children tend to start overestimating situational factors around 15 years old. Correct! Individuals from collectivist societies such as India begin to consider situational factors more heavily beyond age 8, while those from individualist societies such as the United States tends to overestimate dispositional factors. 25. Which of the following is the correct description of the availability heuristic? A) It is the phenomenon whereby you make a judgment based on past experiences. B) It is the phenomenon whereby you make a judgment based on how similar one instance is to another. C) It is the phenomenon whereby you make a judgment based on how recently you have been exposed to a similar instance. D) It is the phenomenon whereby you make a judgment based on information accessible to you. Correct! The availability heuristic is when you make a judgment or attribution based on information that is readily available to you. 26. Which of the following is an example of the Fundamental Attribution Error? A) Stannis thinks that his colleague is just a generous person after she bought doughnuts for th heard she was up for promotion. B) Ned assumes that his daughter was yelling at her brother because she was upset about her d C) Cersei thinks that her friend only bought lunch for her because he just found out he was hire wanted. D) Dany assumes that because her friend got a bad mark on the test he didn't get a good night's Correct! The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to assume dispositional factors played m person's behaviour than situational factors. In this case, he's explaining her behaviour with dispositional fa generous, not that she has hidden motives. 27. Which of the following is the LEAST likely to lead to a positive impression of a person? A) Hearing that your friend is attracted to the person B) Seeing the individual daily on the elevator at work C) Considering the individual to be handsome D) Anticipating a lunch meeting with the person
Correct! This is not one of the four variables discussed that affect attraction: proximity, familiarity, physical attractiveness, and other's opinions. 28. Which of the following is true of the fundamental attribution error? A) You are more likely to over value the influence of dispositional factors for behaviours of others and over value situational factors for your own behaviour. B) You are more likely to over value the influence of dispositional factors for behaviours of other and under value situational factors at the same time. C) You are more likely to over value the influence of situational factors for behaviours of others and over value situational factors for your own behaviour.
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