are oftentimes to be graunted required or obtained as counsell aid patron age

Are oftentimes to be graunted required or obtained as

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are oftentimes to be graunted, required or obtained, as counsell, aid, patron- age, good speeches, natural care and regard, & such other like. Some also and such semblable persons, as for which, or to whom, to aske or sue a certain kind of shame, is in a maner tied, viz. in craving, borrowing, importuning, charging, or to vehement troubling. The stile, order, and delivery therefore appertaining to either of these must needly be di ff erent. (  ) Day’s attribution of ‘‘indi ff erencie’’ to certain requests for patronage and ‘‘shame’’ to ‘‘borrowing’’ in certain circumstances could be said to re ect the culture-speci fi c ranking of these particular ‘‘face-threatening acts’’ – the former as of slight risk and the latter as of considerable risk. For Day, as for Brown and Levinson, the variable risk levels of di ff erent requests (that is, their cultural ranking) go hand in hand with ‘‘mens conditions so divers’’ (that is, relative power) to determine style. ³² For Day, how profoundly relative power can shape verbal actions is apparent in his division of request-making into ‘‘epistles petitorie’’ and ‘‘epistles commendatorie.’’ Having o ff ered examples of how a person might make a request of his or her social equal, Day re ects on how the request-making usual to a superior is business of so di ff erent an order as to require a separate title: Now, besides these hereby alreadie delivered, there are letters also that might be suted under this [petitorie] forme, which from Noble men or others, are many times written in favor of sundrie persons, containing requests in their behalfs to be performed, which not withstanding the di ff erence of estates in that  Scripting social relations
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the same doe for the most part passe unto their inferiours, yet seemeth the nature thereof to be petitorie , but in a di ff erent order of these to be altogether pursued. Insomuch as neither agreeeth it, to use like circumstances of humilitie and entreatie, nor of pleasures or curteu[si]e, as in the other are required: but rather a necessarie supposall and assurance of their demandes to be hearkened unto, in respect that of their honours, reputations, or credites, it is intended they will require nothing, but that with reasonable toleration may be liked of. But the use of such kinde of directions in choise of both, I rather hold pertinent to the title Commendatorie , for that whatsoever is therein written, in favour eyther of the person or of the cause, may in respect of the honour or reputation of those from whome they come, bee better deemed in sorte of a curteous recommenda- tion, then otherwise by or under anie title of humilitie or submission: for these causes I have thought meete to adjoine immediatelie hereunto, the same Epistles Commendatorie , beeing so nearelie combined with those of Petitorie as they are. (   ) To vary the relative power of speaker and hearer, then, can be to change the very name and nature of the verbal action. Far from being on
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