Analytic intelligence ability to reason and

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Analytic intelligence ability to reason and conceptualise 3. Numerate intelligence possession of mathematical intelligence 4. Linguistic intelligence an ability for verbal and written communication skills 5. Spatial intelligence ability to see patterns in things 6. Athletic intelligence an ability for physical coordination 7. Intuitive intelligence aptitude for seeing and sensing what is hidden from most others Resembles Goleman’s work on emotional intelligence 8. Emotional intelligence self-awareness, self-control, persistence, zeal and self-motivation Also resembles Goleman’s emotional intelligence 9. Practical intelligence common sense knowledge or simply ‘street-smartness’ Bears some semblance to Albrecht’s work 10. Interpersonal intelligence social and leadership skills 11. Musical intelligence the creation, production or performance of music o Earlier list of intelligence (1993, Understanding Organizations ): 1. Mechanical intelligence Similar to practical intelligence but with a different definition 2. Physical intelligence aka athletic intelligence 3. Interpersonal intelligence 4. Intrapersonal intelligence 5. Visual intelligence 6. Spatial intelligence seeing the nature of objects and their juxtaposition o But ultimately, it is Gardner’s work that gained much acceptance in teaching, education and generally the wider working world
Cognitive ability and practical intelligence – Karl Albrecht (2005) o Practical intelligence as the intelligence that underlies the performance of real-life tasks i. Practical thinking problem formulation, definition, interpretation and solution flexibility in devising solutions to similar problem incorporating the environment in the problem-solving system conscious use of least effort strategies and acquisition and use of specific knowledge that is important to the context in which the problem is embedded o Critical element in formulating career strategies Triarchic theory of intelligence – Robert Sternberg (1985) o Define intelligence as mental activity directed toward purposive adaption to real-world environments relevant to one’s life o Suggested some of Gardner’s intelligences to be better viewed as individual talents o Proposed his own ‘successful intelligence’, comprising of 3 different intelligences: i. Practical intelligence The ability to do well in informal and formal educational settings Adapting to and shaping one’s environment Being street smart ii. Experiential /Creative intelligence The ability to deal with novel situations The ability to effectively automate ways of dealing with novel situations so they are easily handled in the future The ability to think in novel ways iii. Componential /Analytical intelligence The ability to process information effectively Includes metacognitive, executive, performance, and knowledge-acquisition components that help to steer cognitive processes o Helpful in crafting career plans and strategies if individuals are aware of the type of strength they have in ‘abundance’ o

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