Results generalizable to other populationsClassical Experiments not common in Criminological Research1. TraditionC and CJ fields aren't based on laboratory science.Not part of social science paradigm with strong experimental history.2.Due Process Concerns3.Not amenable to many issues of interestsLack of control over study sample.Issues often not appropriate for experimental study design. Survey Design 10/16Surveys in CJ researchCounting CrimeoAggregate-UCRoIndividual- NCVS, NIBRSSelf-ReportsoCriminal activity, other behaviors/characteristicsPrevalence- proportion of sample/population who engages in behavior(s) of has characteristics IncidenceRisks/Needs Assessments (offender screening tools)Perception and attitude surveysOmnibus SurveysoLarge-scale study that covers a range of topicsoData collected often used by other researchers oCensus- NationwideFeatures of Survey Research
Versatility oCan be designed to study almost any social issue.oCan learn about individuals and organizations.Efficiency oData can be collected from a large number of people relatively inexpensively and quick.GeneralizabilityoMost effective way to obtain information from representative sample of large population.Features of Survey Research cont. Survey ResearchoCollection of information from sample of individuals through theirresponses to questionsoIncludes all procedures and materials (ex. questionnaires)QuestionnaireoSurvey instrument containing the questions in a self-administered way.Interview ScheduleoSurvey instrument containing the questions asked by the interviewer in an in-person survey.RespondentoPerson who answers questions on a surveyResponse RateoPercentage of persons surveyed who complete a surveyoItem response rate- percentage of items that are completed on a survey. Questionnaire DevelopmentSurvey questions are answered as part of a questionnaire, not in isolation from other questions.Context created by the questionnaire impacts how individual questionsare interpreted and whether they are even answered.As a result, survey researchers must give very careful attention to design of questionnaires as a whole, as well as to the individual questions that it include. Maintain Consistent focus
oClear conception of research program and population being studied.oBe sure to include relevant questions and exclude irrelevant onesBuild on Existing Instruments (other findings by other researchers)-Content Validity, final exam questionsoOther researchers may have designed questions to measure key concept in your studies.oCan improve reliability and validity of your questionnaire.Basic Types of QuestionsoOpen-endedAllow respondent to fill in own answerex. What day were you born on? What's your favorite color?
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 37 pages?
- Fall '19
- Qualitative Research, researcher, Substance Abuse