What is the minyan and why are women not included The minyan is the group of

What is the minyan and why are women not included the

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-What is the minyan and why are women not included? The minyan is the group of ten men needed as a minimal attendance for community worship. Women were not included because they had obligations at home. -What argument does Plaskow make about “God Language” within Judaism and why does it need to be changed? Plaskow argues that Judaism mainly uses androcentric language and images to portray God and that in the few times that God is portrayed as female, this is overlooked and is in the minority. She says that continuing to maintain male images and language ensures that men will always be the dominant sex and women secondary. -What is a mikveh and how had it been reinterpreted by Jewish women? Mikveh is a ritual maintaining separation during ones menstrual cycle and going through a cleansing ritual afterwards. Jewish women have reinterpreted mikveh by attempting to study Jewish attitudes towards sexuality and to revalue and celebrate women’s bodies from a woman-centered perspective. For example some women think of mikveh as a purification process and a privilege, not a burden. WEEK 10 – Women in Christianity -What was the Jesus Movement and what was its impact on women? How did changes in the early church history result in closing women out of leadership roles? The Jesus movement focused on the equality of all people because women were a very important part of religion in earlier days. This impacted women because finally they were recognized as a part of the Jesus movement back in the day. - Who was Mary Magdalene and how has her life story been changed over the centuries? Mary Magdalene has always been portrayed as a prostitute, recently she has been reinterpreted as one of Jesus’s disciples. -What are the stances of the different positions in modern Christian debates? (Christian Egalitarianism, Complementarianism, Biblical patriarchy, Christian feminism) Christian Egalitarianism: we need to abolish gender specific roles in church and marriage for equality of women Complementarianism: men and women were made equal before god but they serve different roles Biblical patriarchy: recognizes men and women equal spiritually, but is more specific than Complementarianism in defining men and women’s roles Christian feminism: challenges Christianity through a feminist lens, supports homosexuality, pro choice, ordination of women, etc. Know the terms: Trinitarianism: consists of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit that are three separate persons, all eternal and omnipotent, that form a single deity; one God is comprised of these distinct coexisting beings Non-trinitarians: monotheistic belief systems within Christianity that reject the doctrine of the Trinity, mainly that God is three different persons and yet co-eternal, co-equal, and united as one essence Apostles: Jesus had 12 apostles whom he sent to spread the messages of the Gospel to all nations after his resurrection gospels house churches: after Jesus’ death the there were no established buildings for Christianity and the religion was outlawed by Roman law so they began meeting in these houses that were owned by women

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