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I Ching- inspired “While My Guitar Gently Weeps”The Rolling Stones- a magazine focused on popular cultureRock and Roll Circus- a rock show filmed for TV, featured many bands such as The Who and a quartet (with John Lennon!)HappeningsA Bed-In- Silent protest against the Vietnam war; Yoko Ono and John Lennon in a bed for 2 weeks during their honeymoon.Musical TermsB Varispeed- Slowing down or speeding up tapes, used in “Strawberry Fields”Artificial Double Tracking (ADT)- Used in recording of Revolver and Sgt. Pepper, new method of double tracking with out need to record twice.C Drone- harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout most or all of a pieceMultitracking- multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources to create a cohesive whole
Glissando - is a glide from one pitch to another, a rapid sliding up or down the musical scaleD Crescendo- a gradual increase in loudness in a piece of music. There is an orchestral crescendo in “A Day in the Life”Artistic movements- “pop” art and avant garde movements that influenced the Beatles (Lennon especially). Another was the psychedelia movement which can be seen on the lettering of Rubber Soul and the cover art for Sgt. Pepper’s.Surrealism- the practice of placing items that don’t match to create a coherent image. i.e. Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.E Avant-garde- challenged the status quo, artistic pioneers. They challenged the standards of normal music. They worked to improve cultural and political life. crossover with pop music: Beatles utilized techniques used by the avant garde.Psychedelia-The term was coined by British psychiatrist Humphry Osmond (“ Mind manifesting from the Greek psyche ( “soul”) and dilost (“manifest”). The Beatles’ psychedelic experiences inspired them to experiment new technique, and to create new sounds in their recording. For example, the Beatles had a guitar soundtrack played backward in “Tomorrow Never Knows”, and manipulate the tape of Paul McCartney’s laughter, resulting in the dreamy and magical experiences listeners get from songs. Beatles’ psychedelic experience also inspire them make one of the greatest album---Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club band.Pop Art- 60s version of surrealism - uses mass culture things (advertisement, mass produced products) as medium. It is a concept that attacks the the divide between low and high art. They tried to emphasize that art isn’t specific to one class. Andy Warhol was a famous Pop artist. The Beatles hired Ed Whitley who came up with the idea of have The Beatles album having a white cover (this is why it is nicknamed The White Album). ESSAY QUESTIONS: (50 points, 25 points each)Preparing all of the questions below will ensure that you review all the course material.Two of these questions will appear on the test, and you will be asked to write an essay foreach of them (each essay should be at least 3-4 pages in a blue book).