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6.A patient with a productive cough and parenchymal infiltrates on x-ray is demonstrating symptomology ofa.bacterial pneumonia.b.viral pneumonia.c.tuberculosis.d.acute respiratory distress syndrome.ANS:ABacterial pneumonia produces a productive cough and parenchymal infiltrates (white shadows) on x-ray. Viral pneumonia does not produce a productive cough.Tuberculosis may produce a productive cough but does not show parenchymal infiltrates (white shadows) on x-ray. Acute respiratory distress syndrome produces a non-productive cough.REF:Pgs. 514-5157.The organism that causes pulmonary tuberculosis is
REF:Pg. 5158.Which clinical manifestation is not likely the result of a tuberculosis infection?REF:Pg. 5169.Which disorder is caused by inhalation of organic substances?
REF:Pg. 50010.The hallmark manifestation of acute respiratory distress syndrome isa.tachycardia.b.hypotension.c.frothy secretions.d.hypoxemia.ANS:DThe hallmark of acute respiratory distress syndrome is hypoxemia due to intrapulmonary shunting of blood. Tachycardia, hypotension, and frothy secretionoccur in this disorder but are not hallmark.REF:Pgs. 503-505