guidelines, all the former states of the Confederacy established new state governments in 1865. Yet southern whites refused to give blacks any political rights, instead passing a series of black codes, laws designed to keep blacks an uneducated, property less, agricultural laboring class. The black codes were laws enacted by former Confederate states as an attempt to recreate slavery. It made it almost impossible for black people to make money and made bankruptcy laws. Former slaves were not allowed to vote, hold office, or own land. Though the blacks were free, they couldn’t own land so they had to rent from landowners, who were most the time white. Blacks worked under the landowner for a very low income, which they couldn’t support their family with. Thus, this made the blacks borrow money from their landowner, which put them in debt. This worked in favor of the landowner because the black owed money and basically was in mercy of him. In addition, white southerners defiantly elected prominent former Confederates to office. Lincoln was for bringing people together no matter the skin color. Turns out the south don’t like change because they did everything in their power in order to keep things the way they were. They were for keeping slaves and making sure blacks received no rights. This affected the social development in the United States because people couldn’t get along or wanted power over the other. The whites wanted to maintain power and keep black as slaves. As said earlier, whites did anything they could to keep power; former Confederate General, Nathan Bedford Forrest army veterans and a group of former soldier in Pulaski, Tennessee organized the first group of Ku Klux Klan members. This group preached the superiority of the white race. With the blacks possessing rights and the Thirteenth Amendment being passed, the whites couldn’t control them as much as they wanted to. Their free labor workforce was depleting and it angered them. The Ku Klux Klan frightened the people who were free and tried to reinforce President Johnson’s idea of “Restoration”.
Reconstruction started out with Lincoln then Andrew Johnson; in 1866 it made it to Radical Republican leader, Thaddeus Stevens. He objected to both Lincoln and Johnson’s plans for
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