3 in 2003 and the earnings amount 388 in 2003 The language proficiency

3 in 2003 and the earnings amount 388 in 2003 the

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get acquainted with culture and customs of a given country (43.3%, in 2003), and the earnings amount (38.8%, in 2003). The language proficiency facilitates to establish contacts and is one of the most frequently mentioned factors in researches concerning the subject. The great importance that was given to the second factor underlined by the respondents may be explained by the fact that to the research sample was represented vastly by the relatively young, mostly unmarried people – willing to leave Poland for a longer period of time and get acquainted with foreign cultures. Earning amounts is a natural factor of migrations for economic reasons. Obviously emigrants decide to search for a job abroad either because they can not find a job in their own country, or they get unsatisfactory payment there. In the 2010 research, there appeared some changes in relation to the importance of these factors. Besides to the languages proficiency, the respondents gave significance to earnings amount (48%) and location – geographical closeness of an individual country (32%). The first factor in question might be related to improvement on the Polish labour market. There is no problem with finding any job; there is a challenge to find a better one.
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THE POLES AND THEIR PERCEPTION ON EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE EUROPEAN … 9 Graph 2: Which of the factors are decisive in choosing a country? Source: Own calculations based on the research results. The second factor mentioned above became more important due to experience gained by those who had to leave their families to take up employment abroad. They realised that leaving their families behind presented a relatively big obstacle. Good railway and air connections with Poland condition frequency of family contacts and determine the duration of staying abroad. The most important change that occurred between the 2003 and 2010 researches regards the willingness to get acquainted with the foreign culture ad customs of a given country. In the 2003 research, this factor was underlined by more than 42% of respondents, in 2010 only by 29%. The probable reason for the change is that the mobility of Polish citizens has grown over the past years. More and more often, Polish people spend their vacations in foreign countries and have a chance to explore other countries and get acquainted with their culture and customs. It might lead to perceiving the factor as less significant in the 2010 research. The research examined also the type of employment the respondents would like to take up abroad [see: graph 3.]. In the year 2003 it turned out that as many as 54.4% of the respondents would like to take up any kind of intellectual work. Over 34.6% would rather have a kind of intellectual work related to their professions, and over 6% of students could work physically. Their preferences seem to be related to the year of study they were in. Most of he respondents ready to take up
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PIOTR SIEMI Ą TKOWSKI 10 physical work were students of the first year. Only 1.5% of the respondents being in the last year of study would like to work physically 5 .
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