Amoral familism o fragmented o patriarchal o barbaric

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Amoral familismoFragmentedoPatriarchal oBarbaricoIncapable of Self ruleoIndividualistic; lack of civic consciousness-Causes of the South backwardness
oSouth Italy is backwards because they are an economic deadweight dependent on the prosperity of Northern ItalyNeglect of southern peasantsScarcity of farming and other jobsAbsence of government assistance-Consequences of the South backwardness-Concept of “amoral familism”oThe thought that humans should be faithful to other members of the family no matter how these members behavedoBecause of amoral familism, the South is poor because the villagers are unable to act together for their common good-Differences in historical and political conditions between North and South-Solutions put forward by the Italian state to solve the Southern Question and their resultsoTwo initiatives: Cassa Per II MezzogiornoFunds were sent from Rome for infrastructures/industriesDidn’t work; the money was sent back to the NorthAgrarian ReformTo redistributeBought the land and distributed to farmers to create independent farmersDidn’t work because the plots were too small, too fertile, and not enough tools were givenMany farmers abandoned land and moved to the NorthoObjectivesRapid industrialization of the SouthEnd of large land ownership systemClosing of North/South divideFight high unemploymentIncrease in consumptionoResultsCathedrals in desert -> failed industrializationDistribution of small pieces of land -> failed creation of modern agrarian sectorEmergence of large bureaucracy -> corruption and inefficiencyHigh unemployment -> internal migrationRapid growth of Northern cities -> social and racist problemsOrganized crime:-Historical origins o1800’s – Post-UnificationoAfter WWII, they expanded their criminal cultureoRoots are in the pastoral world and large land estates in the SouthoLinked to poverty, lack of infrastructure, and absence of the State presence in the South
Sent military to the South to deal with problemsSouth was left on its own; no structure or rules have been builtoStarted to form connections with the political classPolitical classes provides funds for the infrastructure of the mafia, explaining the land of infrastructure in the South-Causes and the origins of such causesoWhy has organized crime taken root in the different regions?MafiaRooted in local and urban SiciliyCamorraRooted in NaplesSuch a poor city that cigarettes became a luxury sold on the black marketDecided to control the inside and exploit the economic need of the people in NaplesN’DranghetaMostly rooted in mountain regions of CalabriaControlled the economic activity thereoAgricultureoTourism (kidnapped tourisms and held them for ransom)-Common TraitsoSecret SocietiesPresented by someone already in the organization, women aren’t

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