Child she felt a little sad mother you think so i bet

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Child : She felt a little sad. Mother : You think so? I bet you ³ re right. What did she do? Child : I don ³ t know. Mother : She took the girls and went upstairs so we could be by ourselves, so we could work out our problem. How mothers talk to their young children about the psychological world is important . . . ! children whose mothers talk more about mental states (like desires, thoughts, and feelings) better understand people ³ s thoughts & feelings ! children whose mothers are more elaborative (provide rich detail about events) are more advanced in psychological understanding ! children also learn much about mental states from conversations with peers
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1/31/13 6 From social understanding . . . . . . to self understanding Are they related? Desire psychology (2-3 years) Belief-desire psychology (4 years) Constructivist psychology (6 years) Psychology of individual differences (7-8 years) Psychology of person-situation interaction (adolescence) Please write an account of the earliest autobiographical memory that you can recall The ± self ² emerges gradually in childhood as different aspects of the self begin to appear . . . the self that makes things happen (2-3 months) physical self-recognition (18-24 months) the categorical self (24-36 months) the autobiographical self (3-4 years) the psychological self (5-7 years) the di ff erentiated self (8-12 years) discovering the true self (adolescence) how do these changes relate to social understanding?
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1/31/13 7 Self-image and self-esteem are also slowly emerging . . . Preschool children are optimistic about their own capabilities But they are sensitive to how people evaluate them -- especially parents -- which contributes to pride as well as guilt, shame, embarrassment Self-esteem dips in the school years as children begin to see themselves more realistically, and social comparison influences self-evaluation In adolescence, self-esteem continues to decline, and is based on one ³ s competence in things that are personally important So what influences self-esteem ? parent-child relationship peer relationships gender developmental transitions family stress Positive self-concept age 5 Secure attachment with mother age 4 Mother ³ s stress / depressive symptoms age 4 + _ (Goodvin, Meyer, Thompson, & Hayes, 2008)
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1/31/13 8 THE SEARCH FOR IDENTITY Search ?
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