independently of exposure to bullying, i.e., family adversity, pre-existing internalizing problems and child IQ” (Zwierzynska, K., Wolke, D., & Lereya, T. S. 2013). Experimental and Correlational are types of research designs that were used in the studies I reviewed. I found that the majority of the time, the experimental research design was used. The experimental design allowed the authors to get data from participants that were randomly selected, and then they were able to draw conclusions based on data collected. All of the studies I reviewed were conducted in an ethical manner. Most of the studies used questionnaires to conduct their research. This allowed the authors the ability to easily collect data and the ability to follow up with participants later in life. After all of the research was completed, each articled reviewed the data and found correlations in order to come to conclusions.
CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES THAT INFLUENCE PERSONALITY TRAITS IN ADULTS 5 Research Design Many studies and articles have examined how birth order and attachment effect the development of personality in children. These studies and articles examine the effects on children and their families’ but there has not been a lot of attention to how childhood experiences that influence personality impact a person into adulthood. These identified gaps lead me to my question: How does the impact of birth order and attachment experienced during childhood affect personality in adulthood? For my research design I would use a Quasi-Experimental Design and Correlation Design to allow me to investigate further. There are two age groups that I would like to have in my participant pool. The first would be young adults between those ages of 18-22. This group is more likely to remember their childhood experiences and will be able to share their experiences with more accuracy. The second group would consist of adults that are between 27-29. This age range is significant because the participants are going through a new life stage called “emerging adulthood” (Shaw, Haydn 2016.) and are learning to recognize their personal growth and development through reflections of their childhood experiences. To collect my data, I will utilize social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter to outline what type of participants I am looking for to help with my research. With social media being able to potentially lead to a large participant group, I would use an online survey which can keep my participants information anonymous and confidential, which will allow my participants feel comfortable. The more comfortable a participant is, the more likely their answers will be truthful. If I had a perfect research design, it would be implemented like this: Post information about research to Facebook and Twitter asking for participants in the age range of 18-22 and 27-29 Send out online survey to participants
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- Fall '15
- Psychology, Big Five personality traits, Journal of Research in Personality