- Cultivate a non-judgmental environment- Acknowledge that the client is the expert on themselves - Active listening and reflective listening- Ensuring client autonomy - Be genuine and authenticWho Is in Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?What is the counselor responsible for in The client is viewed as the expert on themselves while the counselor acts as the expert on the therapeutic process. Counselor role:- Provide environment that is judgement-free, empathetic, and safe. This produces and environment conducive for change, 17
Theories of Counseling Chart- Validate and acknowledge negative feelings- Being aware of tone when speaking- Empathy- Unconditional positive regard- Congruencesessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction? but does not interfering with client’s process of self-discovery- Act as facilitator, using active and reflective listening to ensure client feels heard and validated in their emotions- Develop and maintain a genuine relationshipClient role:- Take lead on discussions, thus promoting self-awareness and actualization- Engage in frequent self-check-ins - Seek self-awareness and self-acceptanceas a means to promote growth and healing18
Theories of Counseling ChartWeb ResourcesWho uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more? The Association for the Development of the Person-Centered Approach: Center for Studies of the Person: Association for Humanistic Psychology: Scholarly Articles, Books, and Resources on the TheoryWhat are some good references that I may want to refer to in the future?- Carrick, L. (2014). Person-centered counsellors’ experiences of working with clients in crisis: A qualitative interview study. Counseling & Psychotherapy Research, 14(4), 272-280. - Joseph, S., & Murphy, D. (2012). Person-centered approach, positive psychology, and relational helping: Building bridges.Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 53,26‒51.- Kottler, J. A., & Montgomery, M. J. (2019). Theories of Counseling and Therapy: An Experiential Approach (3rd ed.). Cognella Academic Publishing. 82126-1A/(pg 133-144)19
Theories of Counseling ChartBehavioral Therapy20
Theories of Counseling ChartKey ConceptsWhat are some of the keypropositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems? - Genetics play a role, but personality is developed primarily from individual experiences- Behavior is learned (modeling, conditioning, and reinforcement)- Behavior is purposeful and purpose must be identified prior to adjusting behavior- Behavior must be viewed in the context in which they occur- Based on scientific method and is systematic, empirical, and experimental- Goals should be SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-sensitive)- Focus on educating clients about behavior - Collaborative approach between client andcounselor Theory of ChangeHow can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?