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References aune k kasworm w 1989 final report east

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ReferencesAune, K. & Kasworm, W. (1989)Final Report: East Front Grizzly Studies,332 p. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks, Helena, MT,USA.Barber-Meyer, S.M., Mech, L.D. & White, P.J. (2008) Elk calf survivaland mortality following wolf restoration to Yellowstone National Park.Wildlife Monographs,169, 130.Beschta, R.L. (2005) Reduced cottonwood recruitment following extirpa-tion of wolves in Yellowstone’s northern range.Ecology,86, 391403.Beschta, R.L. & Ripple, W.J. (2012) Restoring berry-producing shrubswith wolves in Yellowstone National Park.Forest Ecology and Manage-ment,276, 132138.Brown, D.E. (1996)The Grizzly in the Southwest, 304 p. University ofOklahoma Press, Norman, OK, USA.Christiansen, R.L. (2001) Geology of Yellowstone National ParktheQuaternary and Pliocene Yellowstone Plateau Volcanic Field of Wyo-ming, Idaho, and Montana. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper,729G.C^ot±e, S.D. (2005) Extirpation of a large black bear population by intro-duced white-tailed deer.Conservation Biology,19, 16681671.Craighead, J.J., Sumner, J.S. & Mitchell, J.A. (1995)The Grizzly Bears ofYellowstone. Island Press, Washington D.C., USA.Daubenmire, R. (1970) Steppe vegetation of Washington. Technical Bulle-tin, Washington Agricultural Experiment Station, no. 62, 131 p.Estes, J.A., Terborgh, J., Brashares, J.S., Power, M.E., Berger, J., Bond,W.J.et al.(2011) Trophic downgrading of planet Earth.Science,333,301306.Fortin, J.K., Schwartz, C.C., Gunther, K.A., Teisberg, J.E., Haroldson,M.A., Evans, M.A.et al.(2013) Dietary adjustability of grizzly bears©2013 The Authors. Journal of Animal Ecology©2013 British Ecological Society,Journal of Animal Ecology,83, 223–233Trophic cascades from wolves to grizzly bears231
and American black bears in Yellowstone National Park.The Journalof Wildlife Management,77, 270281.Garrott, R.A., Eberhardt, L.L. & White, P.J. (2003) Climate-induced vari-ation in vital rates of an unharvested large-herbivore population.Cana-dian Journal of Zoology,81, 3345.Halofsky, J. & Ripple, W.J. (2008) Linkages between wolf presence andaspen recruitment in the Gallatin elk winter range of southwesternMontana, USA.Forestry,81, 195207.Haroldson, M.A. & Podruzny, S. (2012) Whitebark pine cone production.Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Investigations: Annual Report of the Interagen-cy Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2011(eds F.T. van Manen, M.A. Harold-son & K. West), pp. 3940. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, MT,USA.Hebblewhite, M. & Smith, D. (2010) Wolf community ecology: ecosystemeffects of recovering wolves in Banff and Yellowstone National Park.The Wolves of the world: New Perspectives on Ecology, Behavior, andPolicy(eds M.P.C. Musiani & P.C. Paquet), pp. 69120. University ofCalgary Press, Calgary, AB, Canada.Hewitt, D.G. & Robbins, C.T. (1996) Estimating grizzly bear food habitsfrom fecal analysis.Wildlife Society Bulletin,24, 547550.Hilderbrand, G.V., Schwartz, C.C., Robbins, C.T., Jacoby, M.E., Hanley,T.A., Arthur, S.M.et al.(1999) The importance of meat, particularly sal-mon, to body size, population productivity, and conservation of NorthAmerican brown bears.Canadian Journal of Zoology,77, 132138.

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