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O in this state of nature no security is possible

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oin this state of nature, no security is possible. However, 2 natural passions help people escapethe state of nature:1)Fear: wanting to escape2)Reason: shows us how to escapeChapter 5 Notes Continuation (Notes specifically about this unit)oObservation of nature cannot be the truth because nature is always filtered through a screen ofsubjectivityomust be some sort of governing body in place, unanimously approvedoprocess of science is reason and each step of reasoning process must be secure in its claimsoScience that is grounded in the languageoWhen everyone agrees on the foundation of knowledge, there will be no room for debate.Eliminating debate is essential for eliminating conditions for civil waroPeace is the ultimate purpose and it is grounded in social consentChapter 14 Notes (Continuation for this unit)olaw of nature is a general rule discovered through reason: self-preservation and condemns actsdestructive to humans
Law of nature is natural and can be deduced through reason and philosophyoFor a natural man to preserve life must seek peace. Seeking peace is the first rule, second ruleis to defend ourselves if we cannot obtain peaceoseek peace and fulfill our natural right to defend ourselvesoFor the sake of self-preservation, people will only give up their rights if others are willing to dothe sameoThird lawof nature states that it is not enough to make contracts, but we are required to keepthe contracts we make-> this law is the foundation of Justice-> but because of the humandesire for power humans are always compelled to break contractsoFourth lawof nature is to show gratitude towards those who maintain the contract, so no oneregrets maintaining the contractoFifth lawof nature is to be accommodating to others for the sake of the contractoSixth lawmust pardon those who have committed offences in the pastoSeventh law:punishment should only be used to correct the offender, not retributionoEighth law: avoid making signs of hate towards each otheroNinth law:no prideoTenth law: retain rights one owuld recognize in othersoEleventh law:equality and impartiality in judgement should be maintainedolaw of nature’s conforms to general rule:don’t do something to another than you wouldn’t want done to youothese laws make up moral philosophyChapter 17 Notes: (Continuation of Notes for this unit)Natural human hunger for power always threatens sanctity of the contractThere must be a common power that upholds the contract: this would be the sovereignSovereign operates through fear: threat of punishment reenforces the laws of natureCommonwealth are the people, leviathan is the sovereignTwo ways to establsh a commonwealth:1) force2) agreementRights of a sovereign:1)Subjects owe loyalty2)Subjects cannot be freed from their obligation3)Dissenters must yield to the majority in declaring sovereign4)Sovereign cannot be unjust or injure an innocent5)Cannot be put to death6)Determines what ideas are allowed to be practiced

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