Class discussion why would civilians from all over

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Class discussion Why would civilians from all over the world travel to Spain to f i ght for the Republicans? Oversea s support German s u pport Franco sought aid from Hitler as early as 25 July 1936 , a request that the German leader was more than happy to grant. Twenty German transport planes were immediately dispatched to Franco, then still in North Africa, to carry troops to the mainland. Püblicly, Hitler maintained that he too wanted to stop the spread of communism in Europe. It later became evident that German foreign policy could benefit from Spain's instability, situated as she wa s on France's southern border. Furthermore, a Nationalist victory could give Germany access to Spanish natural resources, especially those necessary for arms production. Throughout the course of the war, Germany supplied the Nationalists with artillery, small arms, tanks and vehicles. The most significant material contribution, however, was in aircraft. The German Luftwaffe (air force) formed the Condor Legion to f i ght in Spain. This consisted of ighter planes, transport planes and bombers, as well as the personnel to maintain and operate them. The Condor Legion provided the Nationalists with a distinct advantage , as the Republican forces had no air force to match it. The operations of the Condor Legion against Republican cities and towns, with the resultant civilian casualties, as in the Basque city of Guernica, presaged the widespread bombing of civilian targets during the Second World War. In all , around 12 000 German personnel served in Spain, fluctuating at any one time between 5,000 and 10 000 men . This contribution was to prove vital to the Nationalists' victories , especially as the fighting wore on into 1937 and 1938 . Italian support Italia n Prime Ministe r Benito Mussolini bad had his hand . in-Spanish politics from before the Civil War, financially supporting the monarchists . At the outbreak of the war, he pledged further aid , both material and personnel . By November 1936, Mussolini had reached a secret agreement with Franco, by which the Italian dictator would receive Spanish support in case of a war with France in return for a sizeable increase in aid to the Nationalist army . The Italian army in Spain, the C orpo Truppe Volontaire (CTV), would number close to 70 000 men and included militia volunteers as well as regular army units, 700 aircraft and 900 tanks. These Italian formations sought throughout the war, con tri buting in a number of important battles such as Guadalajara.
German pilots confer before a mission. To what extent did the German Condor Legion affect the outcome of the civil war? Class discussion What are some arguments for and against German , Italian and Soviet intervention in the Spanish Civil War? Soviet support Stalin did not enjoy the geographic advantage that Hitler and Mussolini had in supplying their Spanish allies. He was also torn between a desire lead the forces of world socialism and a distrust of the socialist and anarchist elements in Spain. Domestic concerns , Five -Year Plans and to

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