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unless the latter prove that they are better than their male colleagues.2:8 Perceptual Context:It gives meaning and value to simple stimuli in theenvironment. The organizational culture and structure provide the primary context inwhich workers and managers perceive things. Thus, a verbal order, an e-mail message, anew policy, a suggestion, a raised eyebrow, a pat on the back takes on special meaningand value when placed in the context of work organization.Case Study:CASE STUDY AND RELEVANT ISSUES OF OB 5Perceptual Errors:Perceptioninvolves selecting, organizing, and interpreting information to make sense of the worldaround us. Self-fulfilling prophecy is the perceptual process in which our expectationsabout another person cause that person to act more consistently with those expectations.In the case also the Gilman expectations made Beauport to act accordingly. Theperceptual effect in the case we can see is the false-consensus effect. The false consensuseffect (also called similar-to-me effect) which occur when people overestimate the extentto which others have similar beliefs or behaviors to their own. Here also the Gilman thinkthat Beauport will be happy with newly offered job and take as the career opportunity likehe was career had been boosted by working as marketing research coordinator at HyDiaries several years before. This was also the perceptual error in making decisions of HyDiaries.Improving the misperception:The organization need to minimize perceptualbiases and distortions to improve the misperception. The three potentially effective waysto improve perception include awareness of perceptual biases, self-awareness andmeaningful interactions. After analyzing the case it is recommended that the Beauportand Gilman should have a meaningful interaction regarding their understanding andperception. Meaningful interaction is founded on the contact hypothesis which state thatmore we interact with someone, the less prejudiced or perceptually biased us will beagainst that person. So, Beauport should have more interaction with Gilman to improvemisperception and be aware about each other view behind the decisions.
Graph:Perceptual organization offers an elegant framework to group low-level featuresthat are likely to come from a single object. We offer a novel strategy to adapt thisgrouping process to objects in a domain. Given a set of training images of objects incontext, the associated learning process decides on the relative importance of the basicsalient relationships such as proximity, continuity, junctions, and common region towardsegregating the objects from the background. The parameters of the grouping process arecast as probabilistic specifications of Bayesian networks that need to be learned. Thislearning is accomplished using a team of stochastic automata in an N-player cooperativegame framework. The grouping process, which is based on graph partitioning is able toform large groups from relationships defined over a small set of primitives and is fast. We

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Term
Fall
Professor
siddique
Tags
perceptual organisation, Rubin s Vase, Explanation of Perceptual Selection of Organization

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