Environmental licensing environmental licenses can

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Environmental Licensing Environmental licenses can take a long time in a bureaucratic process, if not properly prepared its can be easily denied by State organs.
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The choice of a technology for an enterprise must take into account not only its initial investment, but also its secondary gains and long term costs. Remember that the technology adopted in the project will remain for more than 20 years. Crystalline Tracker Crystalline modules in general provide greater efficiency and lower Wp- cost. However this technology has major losses due to warmer local temperatures, its choice must be evaluated. Thin Film Thin Film modules in general provide lower efficiency and take up more area, raising the costs with structure wiring system and workforce. On the other hand, this technology presents loss reduction in high temperature conditions. Central Central inverters have been the most used topology in Utility Scale PV plants as they’re cost competitive at the moment of the initial investment. String String Inverters are becoming a competitive technology and important option for large size plants. Its great advantage are the low operational costs, as they allow a fast replacement in case of failure, requiring less specialized technicians. Fixed The fixed structure is the option with lower initial costs as well as during the operational period. Although the higher costs (initial and operational), the energy production increase can be significant even in low-latitude regions. Technical Characteristics Technology
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Operation and maintenance is crucial to the profitability of the enterprise. Its improper sizing can create risks to assets or jeopardize the power plant productivity. It is essential to evaluate the availability of water resource at the power plant location. An PV Plant uses a significant amount of water for cleaning the modules, specially in dry areas where the resource is scarce. The PV plant are usually located in remote places and have fragile and vulnerable equipment which may be vandalized. An adequate monitoring and security are important and can increase the operation and maintenance costs significantly. Production loss by dirt/dust can be significant, especially in arid regions. An efficient plan for cleaning the modules is important. Technical Characteristics Operation and Maintenance
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CAPEX Composition Understanding the impact of each driver: Local Modules Imported Modules Cost Structure Local produced modules are an option for the current and future entrepreneurs in the sector. As the costs are 35% to 45% higher than the imported modules, the PV projects using local modules requires favorable financing conditions provided by development banks. Used by most Utility Scale Projects, imported modules feature substantially lower costs than the local modules, however they limit or prevent access to resources of development banks.
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  • Fall '19
  • Photovoltaics, Weighted average cost of capital

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