Reference methods results notes tayal et al 2006 2

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Reference Methods Results Notes Tayal et al. 2006 [ 2 ] Prospective evaluation of clinician assessment for presence or not of abscess in patients with soft tissue infections before and after US. US changed management in 56% of cases – 39/82 patients had a drainage procedure performed and 32/44 patients had a drainge procedure averted or further testing ordered. First study to show the impact on clinical decision making of soft tissue US performed by emergency physicians. Dulchavsky et al. 2002 [ 9 ] 95 patients with extremity trauma evaluated with US by orthopedic cast technicians. Specificity for all fracture types was 100%; sensitivity varied by location (83–92% long bones, 50% hand/foot). Non-physicians with minimal US training can accurately diagnose long bone fracture; test not sufficiently sensitive. Chern et al. 2002 [ 8 ] 27 patients with displaced distal radius fractures. US guided reduction by orthopedic surgeons in emergency department. Adequate reduction in all cases, radiographic and US findings post reduction matched well. US may be useful in aiding reduction of radius fractures (potential for lower radiation dose than x-ray techniques). Griffith et al. 1999 [ 7 ] Compared US with x-ray in the diagnosis of rib fractures. US superior to plain x-ray in diagnosing rib fractures. Open door for further study, given gold standard outperformed by new modality. 224 Diagnostic ultrasound Soft tissue and musculoskeletal ultrasound
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References 1. Squire BT, Fox JC, Anderson C. ABSCESS: applied bedside sonography for convenient evaluation of superficial soft tissue infections. Acad Emerg Med 2005; 12 : 601–6. 2. Tayal VS, Hasan N, Norton HJ, Tomaszewski CA. The effect of soft-tissue ultrasound on the management of cellulitis in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 2006; 13 : 384–8. 3. Chau CLF, Griffith JF. Musculoskeletal infections: ultrasound appear- ances. Clin Radiol 2005; 60 : 149–59. 4. Bartolotta TV, Midiri M, Caruso G, Iovane A. [Necrotizing fasciitis of the scrotum (Fournier’s gangrene): ultrasound findings] [Italian]. Radiologica Medica 2000; 100 : 510–12. 5. Mariacher-Gehler S, Michel BA. Sonography: a simple way to visualize rib fractures. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1994; 165 : 1268. 6. Steiner GM, Sprigg A. The value of ultrasound in the assessment of bone. Br J Radiol 1992; 65 : 589–93. 7. Griffith JF, Rainer TH, Ching ASC, et al. Sonography compared with radiography in revealing acute rib fracture. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1999; 173 : 1603–9. 8. Chern TC, Jou IM, Lai KA, et al. Sonography for monitoring closed reduction of displaced extra-articular distal radial fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2002; 84-A : 194–203. 9. Dulchavsky SA, Henry SE, Moed BR, et al. Advanced ultrasonic diag- nosis of extremity trauma: the FASTER examination. J Trauma 2002; 53 : 28–32. 10. Marshburn TH, Legome E, Sargsyan A, et al. Goal-directed ultrasound in the detection of long bone fractures. J Trauma 2004; 57 : 329–32.
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